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British Industrial History

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William Henry Tooth

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William Henry Tooth (c1819- ), Engineer

c.1818 Born in Beaderwood, Staffordshire[1]

1855 Patent to William Henry Tooth, of No. 2, Pilgrim-street, Kennington-lane, in the parish of Lambeth, in the county of Surrey, Engineer, for the invention of "certain improvements in the construction of floating vessels, and in the machinery and steam signals connected there-with, and in the application thereof to otherpurposes."[2]

1855 Patent. William Henry Tooth, of South-street, Southwark, engineer, for certain improvements in the machinery for and in the manufacture of earthenware.[3]

1859 He described in a provisional specification a drum-shaped furnace capable of being revolved on a horizontal axis, the lining being either made in moulds or cut into blocks to fit the circular chamber. This was later recognised as the first practical implementation of the idea of a revolving furnace patented by Bernard Peard Walker and James Warren.

1859 Patent application by William Henry Tooth, of 3, Spring-terrace, Wandsworth-road, in the county of Surry, Engineer, in respect of the invention of "improvements in machinery or apparatus for the manufacture of iron or steel.[4]

1860 He was the first to put mechanical puddling into practice helped by Mr. William Yates, who improved some of the details of the apparatus.

A patent in their joint names refers to the cooling of the furnace by water, this was described in a later patent.

1860 William Henry Tooth, formerly of No. 10, Kennington-lane, Lambeth, in the county of Surrey, at the same time having offices at No. 90, Queen-street, Cheapside, in the. city of London, Engineer, afterwards of No. 6, Lampeter-street, Islington, in the county of Middlesex, at the same time carrying on business at the Southwark Iron Works, No. 9, Summer-street, Southwark, in the county of Surrey, Engineer, trading under the style and firm of Tooth and Slade, in partnership with John Slade the elder, Engineer, then of No. 21, Rhodeswell-road, Stepney, in the county of Middlesex, Engineer, and now a Prisoner in the Debtors' Prison for London and Middlesex, in the city of London, Engineer, out of business, was summoned to appear before the Court for Relief of Insolvent Debtors[5]

1861 Living in Stepney, Mechanical Engineer, born Longport, Staffs., with his wife Elizabeth.[6]

1861 Patent to William Henry Tooth, of Rhodeswell-road, Middlesex, Engineer, and William Yates the younger, of Parliament-street, Westminster, Agent, in respect of the invention of "improvements in the manufacture of iron and steel, and in the machinery, apparatus, or furnaces used therein, and for the production of gas to be employed in such manufacture"[7]

1863 Mr. Tooth further improved upon the details of the rotary puddler.

1866 William Henry Tooth (sued as William M. Tooth), late of No. 21, Rhodeswell-road, Stepney, in the county of Middlesex, Engineer and Manufacturer of Machinery, having been adjudged bankrupt by a Registrar of the Court of Bankruptcy, in London, attending at Whitecross-street Prison, on the 14th day of July, 1866, and the adjudication, being directed to be prosecuted at the Court of Bankruptcy, in London aforesaid, a public sitting, for the said bankrupt to pass his Last Examination, and make application for his Discharge, will be held before Edward Holroyd....[8]

1869 Patent to William Henry Tooth, of Greenwich, in the county of Kent, Engineer, for the invention of "improvements in the manufacture of bricks, tiles, and other articles made from plastic or siliceous materials, and in the machinery or apparatus employed for moulding and pressing the same, part of which improvements are also applicable for compressing peat or other substances for the manufacture of artificial fuel."[9]

1869 Patent to William Henry Tooth (senior), and William Henry Tooth (junior), of No. 3, Ashburnham-road, Greenwich, in the county of Kent, Engineers, for the invention of "improvements in the construction of furnaces, specially in the form, arrangement, and mode of actuating the grate bars, and also in the means for making the same self acting and self feeding."[10]

1870 Patent to William Henry Tooth, of 2, Brooksby's-walk, Homerton, in the county of Middlesex, Engineer, for the invention of "improvements in the construction and working of furnaces, bakers' oven fireplaces, stoves, and stove grates, for the purpose of igniting and consuming smoke."[11]

1874 An engineer, at the marriage of his son, William Henry Tooth, in Stepney[12]

1881 William H. Tooth 63, Engineer & Chemist lived in Newington with Elizabeth Tooth 63[13]

1888 Died in Bethnal Green[14]


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. 1881 census
  2. London Gazette 4 May 1855
  3. Bolton Chronicle - Saturday 12 January 1856
  4. London Gazette 13 Dec 1859
  5. London Gazette 3 July 1860
  6. 1861 Census
  7. London Gazette 25 March 1862
  8. London gazette 4 Sept 1866
  9. London gazette 5 Mar 1869
  10. London gazette 16 Apr 1869
  11. London Gazette 18 Nov 1870
  12. Parish records
  13. 1881 census
  14. BMD