Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,545 pages of information and 233,966 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.


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Raymond Saulnier and the brothers, Robert Morane and Leon Morane, began producing aircraft in France in 1913.

On the outbreak of the First World War the company joined with Roland Garros, to develop a system that would enable the pilot to fire the gun through the propellor.

Early versions did not work properly and the pilots found they were destroying their propellers with their machine-gun fire.

In 1914 the company also produced the Morane-Saulnier N. A plane of very advanced design, it was extremely fast but also difficult to handle. Its high landing speed resulted in a large number of crashes. Although rated high as a fighter plane, it was only given to highly experienced pilots to use over the Western Front.

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