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The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) was the second-largest of the "Big Four" railway companies created by the Railways Act 1921 in Britain. It existed from 1 January 1923 until nationalisation on 1 January 1948. It formed the new British Railways' Eastern Region, North Eastern Region and partially the Scottish Region.
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[[Image:Im1902EnV94-p550.jpg|thumb| 1902. Electric Signalling by the [[Railway Signal Co]] on the LNER.]]
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‎‎[[image:Im1904EnV98-p361.jpg|thumb| 1904. Four Coupled Passenger Engine.]]
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[[Image:Im1904EnV98-p262a.jpg ‎|thumb|  1904. ]]
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[[Image:Im1925EnV140-p539.jpg|thumb| 1911-23. ]]
  
[[Ralph Wedgwood]] was the Chief Officer of the LNER for 16 years from its inauguration in 1923.
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[[image:Im192301RM-LNER8.jpg|thumb| January 1923. ]]
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[[image:Im192307RM-LNER.jpg|thumb| July 1923. ]]
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[[image:Im192307RM-LNER1.jpg|thumb| July 1923. ]]
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[[image:Im192307RM-Lner5.jpg|thumb| July 1923. LHS. ]]
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[[image:Im192307RM-LNER5a.jpg|thumb| July 1923. RHS. ]]
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[[image:Im192401RM-LNER.jpg|thumb| January 1924. ]]
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[[image:Im192401RM-LNER1.jpg|thumb| January 1924. ]]
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[[image:Im192401RM-LNER3.jpg|thumb| January 1924. ]]
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[[image:Im192401RM-LNER5.jpg|thumb| January 1924. LHS. ]]
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[[image:Im192401RM-LNER5a.jpg|thumb| January 1924. RHS. ]]
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[[image:Im192401RM-LNERArms.jpg|thumb| January 1924. ]]
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[[image:Im192407RM-LNS.jpg|thumb| July 1924. LHS. ]]
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[[image:Im192407RM-ER.jpg|thumb| July 1924. RHS. ]]
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[[image:Im192407RM-LNER.jpg|thumb| July 1924. ]]
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[[image:Im192407RM-LNER4.jpg|thumb| July 1924. ]]
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[[image:Im192407RM-LNER5.jpg|thumb| July 1924. ]]
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[[image:Im192412RM-LNER.jpg|thumb| December 1924. ]]
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[[image:Im192412RM-LNER1.jpg|thumb| December 1924. ]]
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[[image:Im192412RM-LNER5.jpg|thumb| December 1924. LHS. ]]
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[[image:Im192412RM-LNER5a.jpg|thumb| December 1924. RHS. ]]
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[[Image:Im1925EnV140-p020.jpg|thumb| 1925. Dabeg feed pump.]]
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[[image:Im19250915CM-Fordson.jpg|thumb| September 1925. A converted [[Fordson]].]]
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[[Image:Im1926MCW-LNER.jpg|thumb| 1926. ]]
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[[image:Im1926EnV141-p004b-d.jpg |thumb| 1926. Garratt Locomotive.  ]]
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[[image:IM1926eNv141-P004B-1.jpg |thumb| 1926. "Mikado" Type Locomotive. ]]
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[[Image:Im1927v143-p176.jpg ‎|thumb|1927.Swing Bridge over the River Waveney at Beccles.[[John Miller (2) |John Miller]] and [[C. J. Brown]], Engineers. ]]
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[[Image:Im1927v143-p23.jpg ‎|thumb|1927.Bucket Dredger '''Telford'''. ]]
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[[image:Im1927v145-p32ca.jpg|thumb| 1927. Three cylinder locomotive.]]
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[[image:Im1928v147-p10bb.jpg|thumb| 1928.]]
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[[image:Im1963EnV216-p224c.jpg |thumb| 1928. "Chevy Chase" built by [[Clayton Wagon]].]]
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[[image:Im1928v147-p10bd.jpg|thumb| 1928. Sandringham.]]
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[[image:Im1929v148-p009.jpg|thumb| 1929. Sandringham.]]
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[[image:Im1929v149-p34c.jpg|thumb| 1929.]]
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[[image:Im1963EnV216-p224a.jpg |thumb| 1930. Sentinel-Cammell railcar "Phenomena"]]
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[[Image:Im1930v151-p16d.jpg ‎|thumb|1930. Three Cylinder Tank Engine. L.N.E.R.2900. ]]
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[[Image:Im1931-v151-p166.jpg ‎|thumb|1931. The Yarrow-Gresley High Pressure Locomotive No. 10,000.]]
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[[Image:Im1931v151-p125.jpg ‎|thumb|1931. The Yarrow - Gresley High Pressure Locomotive No.10,000.]]
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[[Image:Im1931v152-p178.jpg ‎|thumb|1931. Tank Engine Before and After Conversion. ]]
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[[Image:Im1932RYB-LNER.jpg|thumb| 1932. ]]
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[[image:Im19320611ILN-LNER.jpg|thumb| June 1932.]]
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[[image:Im19320622Tat-LNER.jpg|thumb| June 1932.]]
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[[Image:Im1933v155-p492.jpg ‎|thumb|1933. [[Lochaber Hydro-Electric Station|Lochaber Water Power Scheme - Diversion of L.N.E. Railway]]. ]]
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[[Image:Im19330824ME-LNER.jpg|thumb| August 1933. ]]
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[[Image:Im193504GHK-Hol.jpg|thumb| April 1935. ]]
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[[image:Im19350504CL-LNER.jpg|thumb| May 1935.]]
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[[Image:Im090618HS-LNER-007.jpg|thumb| Hull timber bogie to carry 7 tons of timber. Exhibit at the [[Hull Street Life Museum]]. ]]
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[[Image:Im19350515Sk-Railway.jpg|thumb| May 1935. LNER & LMS. ]]
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[[Image:Im19350515Sk-Railway2.jpg|thumb| May 1935. GWR, LNER, LMS & SR. ]]
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[[image:Im1935v159-p17.jpg|thumb| 1935.]]
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[[image:Im1936EnV161-p002cc.jpg|thumb| 1936. High-speed streamlined engine. "Silver Link".]]
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[[Image:Im1937v164-p40.jpg ‎|thumb| 1937. ]]
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[[Image:Im1937EnV163-p004aa.jpg ‎|thumb| 1937. ]]
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[[Image:Im1937EnV163-p004ab.jpg ‎|thumb| 1937. ]]
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[[Image:Im090619SR-LNER-171.jpg|thumb| 1937. Green Arrow built at Lancaster.  Exhibit at the [[Shildon Locomotion Museum]]. ]]
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[[Image:Im1938EnV165-p027a.jpg ‎|thumb| 1938. ]]
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[[Image:Im1938EnV165-p027c.jpg ‎|thumb| 1938. ]]
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[[image:ImIDH1938-LNER.jpg |thumb| 1938. ]]
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‎‎[[Image:Im1939v168-p319.jpg ‎|thumb| 1939. ]]
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‎‎[[Image:Im1939v168-p414.jpg ‎|thumb| 1939. ]]
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[[image:Im1942EnV173-p014.jpg|thumb| 1941. V4 class locomotive, Bantam Cock.]]
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[[Image:Im1941EnV172-p402.jpg ‎|thumb| 1941. ]]
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[[Image:Im1941EnV171-p144.jpg ‎|thumb| 1941. ]]
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[[image:Im1942EnV173-p014b.jpg|thumb| 1941. Electric locomotive, 6701.]]
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[[image:Im1942EnV174-p018b.jpg|thumb| 1942. O2 type engine with reconditioned Q4 tender.]]
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[[image:Im1942EnV174-p018a.jpg|thumb| 1942. Engine number 5058. Q4 type engine converted into shunting tank.]]
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[[image:Im1942EnV174-p018.jpg|thumb| 1942. Q4 type before conversion. Engine number 5059.]]
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[[image:Im1942EnV173-p226.jpg|thumb| 1942. Desks at traffic control office.]]
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[[image:Im1942EnV173-p302.jpg|thumb| 1942. Repair of tunnel portal at Park Junction.]]
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[[Image:Im1943EnV176-p410.jpg ‎|thumb|1943. Locomotive as Originally Built and as converted. ]]
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[[Image:Im1944EnV177-p26.jpg ‎|thumb|1944. 4-6-0 Mixed Traffic Locomotive.]]
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[[Image:Im1944EnV177-p26aa.jpg ‎|thumb|1944. Reconstructed "Pacific". ]]
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[[image:Im1945EnV179-p458.jpg|thumb| 1945. Brunthill Signal Box]]
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[[image:Im1945EnV180-p313.jpg|thumb| 1945. Great Northern and rebuilt Locomotive - Dwight D. Eisenhower. ]]
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[[image:Im1946EnV182-p314.jpg|thumb| 1946. Engine No. 4838 in Pre-War Livery. ]]
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[[image:ImILN12211946 012.jpg |thumb| 1946. ]]
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[[image:Im1947v184-p082.jpg|thumb| 1947. Diamond Jubilee, Black Prince Class.]]
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[[image:Im1952v194-p78.jpg|thumb| 1952. 2750. Papyrus.]]
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[[image:Im1953v195-p754.jpg|thumb| 1953. "The Cock o' the North". ]]
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‎‎[[Image:Im195712RM-LNER.jpg ‎|thumb| Mar 1957. ]]
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[[Image:Im090619SR-LWER.jpg |thumb| Exhibit at the [[Shildon Locomotion Museum]]. ]]
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The '''London and North Eastern Railway''' (LNER) was created by the [[Railways Act 1921]] from a number of [[London and North Eastern Railway Constituent Companies|Constituent Companies]] and came in to force on the 1st January 1923.
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The  LNER was the second-largest of the "Big Four" railway companies created by the [[Railways Act 1921|Grouping Act]].
 +
 
 +
1948 The LNER became part of the nationalised [[British Railways]]; parts of the company became the new [[British Railways: Eastern Region|Eastern Region]], [[British Railways: North Eastern Region|North Eastern Region]] and part of the [[British Railways: Scottish Region|Scottish Region]].
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==Constituent Companies==
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The following made up the [[London and North Eastern Railway ]] as a result of the [[Railways Act 1921]] and came into force on the 1st January 1923:
 +
* [[Great Eastern Railway]] (GER) 1191.25 miles
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* [[Great Central Railway]] (GCR) 852.5
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* [[Great Northern Railway]] (GNR) 1051.25 miles
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* [[Great North of Scotland Railway]] (GNSR) 334.5 miles
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* [[Hull and Barnsley Railway]] (H&BR) 106.5 miles (amalgamated with the NER on 1 April 1922)
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* [[North British Railway]] (NBR) 1,378 miles
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* [[North Eastern Railway]] (NER) 1,757.75 miles
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Total Mileage of the constituent companies was '''6,671.75 miles'''
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The LNER also owned:
 +
 
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* 7,700 locomotives; 20,000 coaching vehicles; 29,700 freight vehicles; 140 pieces of electric rolling stock and six electric locomotives; and 10 rail motor cars
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* six turbine and 36 other steamers; a number of river boats and lake steamers, etc
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* docks and harbours in 20 locations, including the North East coast ports, some eastern Scottish ports, Harwich and London
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* wharves, staithes, piers in similar places
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* 23 hotels
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* In partnership with the [[London, Midland and Scottish Railway]] (LMS), the LNER was co-owner of the [[Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway]], the UK's biggest joint railway system, much of which competed with the LNER's own lines. The M&GNJR was wholly incorporated into the LNER system in 1936.
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==Chief Mechanical Engineers==
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* [[Herbert Nigel Gresley|Nigel Gresley]] 1923-41
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* [[Edward Thompson]] 1941-46
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* [[Arthur Henry Peppercorn]] 1946-48
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* [[Ralph Wedgwood]] was the Chief Officer of the LNER for 16 years from its inauguration in 1923.
 +
 
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==General==
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1926 Started to build a second jetty at Hull to import oil<ref>The Times Feb. 3, 1926</ref>
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1930 With the passing of the Railway Companies Road Transport Acts, it became clear that the bus companies could face stiff competition so the management of the [[National Omnibus and Transport Co]] led the way in negotiating with the main railway companies, forming 3 joint companies, the last of which was the [[Eastern National Omnibus Co]] formed with the [[London and North Eastern Railway]] and the [[London, Midland and Scottish Railway]]<ref>The Times, Apr 16, 1930</ref>.
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1938 LNER ordered electric trains for the Liverpool Street-Shenfield route. 92 sets were built with  control equipment by the [[English Electric Co]] and [[Crompton Parkinson]] traction motors. Another 8 sets were built for the Manchester to Glossop line using [[GEC]] electrical equipment and traction motors. [[Birmingham Railway Carriage and Wagon Co]] built the driving trailers, and [[Metropolitan-Cammell]] built all of the other carriages.<ref>LNER info [https://www.lner.info/locos/Electric/shenfield.php]</ref>.
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==See Also==
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<what-links-here/>
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* [[Railways: An Outline]]
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* [[London and North Eastern Railway Constituent Companies]]
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* [[Railway Companies not Grouped in 1923]]
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==Sources of Information==
 +
<references/>
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_and_North_Eastern_Railway] Wikipedia
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[[Category:Railway Companies]]

Latest revision as of 19:08, 6 March 2020

1902. Electric Signalling by the Railway Signal Co on the LNER.
1904. Four Coupled Passenger Engine.
1904.
1911-23.
January 1923.
July 1923.
July 1923.
July 1923. LHS.
July 1923. RHS.
January 1924.
January 1924.
January 1924.
January 1924. LHS.
January 1924. RHS.
January 1924.
July 1924. LHS.
July 1924. RHS.
July 1924.
July 1924.
July 1924.
December 1924.
December 1924.
December 1924. LHS.
December 1924. RHS.
1925. Dabeg feed pump.
September 1925. A converted Fordson.
1926.
1926. Garratt Locomotive.
1926. "Mikado" Type Locomotive.
1927.Swing Bridge over the River Waveney at Beccles.John Miller and C. J. Brown, Engineers.
1927.Bucket Dredger Telford.
1927. Three cylinder locomotive.
1928.
1928. "Chevy Chase" built by Clayton Wagon.
1928. Sandringham.
1929. Sandringham.
1929.
1930. Sentinel-Cammell railcar "Phenomena"
1930. Three Cylinder Tank Engine. L.N.E.R.2900.
1931. The Yarrow-Gresley High Pressure Locomotive No. 10,000.
1931. The Yarrow - Gresley High Pressure Locomotive No.10,000.
1931. Tank Engine Before and After Conversion.
1932.
June 1932.
June 1932.
August 1933.
April 1935.
May 1935.
Hull timber bogie to carry 7 tons of timber. Exhibit at the Hull Street Life Museum.
May 1935. LNER & LMS.
May 1935. GWR, LNER, LMS & SR.
1935.
1936. High-speed streamlined engine. "Silver Link".
1937.
1937.
1937.
1937. Green Arrow built at Lancaster. Exhibit at the Shildon Locomotion Museum.
1938.
1938.
1938.
1939.
1939.
1941. V4 class locomotive, Bantam Cock.
1941.
1941.
1941. Electric locomotive, 6701.
1942. O2 type engine with reconditioned Q4 tender.
1942. Engine number 5058. Q4 type engine converted into shunting tank.
1942. Q4 type before conversion. Engine number 5059.
1942. Desks at traffic control office.
1942. Repair of tunnel portal at Park Junction.
1943. Locomotive as Originally Built and as converted.
1944. 4-6-0 Mixed Traffic Locomotive.
1944. Reconstructed "Pacific".
1945. Brunthill Signal Box
1945. Great Northern and rebuilt Locomotive - Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1946. Engine No. 4838 in Pre-War Livery.
1946.
1947. Diamond Jubilee, Black Prince Class.
1952. 2750. Papyrus.
1953. "The Cock o' the North".
Mar 1957.

The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) was created by the Railways Act 1921 from a number of Constituent Companies and came in to force on the 1st January 1923.

The LNER was the second-largest of the "Big Four" railway companies created by the Grouping Act.

1948 The LNER became part of the nationalised British Railways; parts of the company became the new Eastern Region, North Eastern Region and part of the Scottish Region.


Constituent Companies

The following made up the London and North Eastern Railway as a result of the Railways Act 1921 and came into force on the 1st January 1923:

Total Mileage of the constituent companies was 6,671.75 miles

The LNER also owned:

  • 7,700 locomotives; 20,000 coaching vehicles; 29,700 freight vehicles; 140 pieces of electric rolling stock and six electric locomotives; and 10 rail motor cars
  • six turbine and 36 other steamers; a number of river boats and lake steamers, etc
  • docks and harbours in 20 locations, including the North East coast ports, some eastern Scottish ports, Harwich and London
  • wharves, staithes, piers in similar places
  • 23 hotels
  • In partnership with the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS), the LNER was co-owner of the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway, the UK's biggest joint railway system, much of which competed with the LNER's own lines. The M&GNJR was wholly incorporated into the LNER system in 1936.

Chief Mechanical Engineers

  • Ralph Wedgwood was the Chief Officer of the LNER for 16 years from its inauguration in 1923.

General

1926 Started to build a second jetty at Hull to import oil[1]

1930 With the passing of the Railway Companies Road Transport Acts, it became clear that the bus companies could face stiff competition so the management of the National Omnibus and Transport Co led the way in negotiating with the main railway companies, forming 3 joint companies, the last of which was the Eastern National Omnibus Co formed with the London and North Eastern Railway and the London, Midland and Scottish Railway[2].

1938 LNER ordered electric trains for the Liverpool Street-Shenfield route. 92 sets were built with control equipment by the English Electric Co and Crompton Parkinson traction motors. Another 8 sets were built for the Manchester to Glossop line using GEC electrical equipment and traction motors. Birmingham Railway Carriage and Wagon Co built the driving trailers, and Metropolitan-Cammell built all of the other carriages.[3].

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Times Feb. 3, 1926
  2. The Times, Apr 16, 1930
  3. LNER info [1]