Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Job Dixon

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An engineer who emigrated from Manchester to take his skills to Europe during the Industrial Revolution.

The following information has been loosely translated from a French source:- The complete biography of Job Dixon (1787 - ?) is not well known, neither in Alsace nor in England. He was at Nicholas Schlumberger's factory in Guebwiller, where machine tools and textile machinery (for fine thread) were made. His official role was to direct the making of English machine tools, and making and setting to work English textile machines of new types for fine thread making. His true role, kept secret, was probably to betray his super-protectonist country, by aiding Nicholas Schlumberger to build English machines from plans taken secretly by Schlumberger himself. Dixon stayed at Guebwiller until 1820, and then went to the new firm of Risler Frères et Dixon in Cernay.[1]

It seems that the same Job Dixon worked in Belgium and also established the firm of Dixon and Co., which in 1841 became De Atlas, in Amsterdam. Basis: In 1836 a witness to the Parliamentary Select Committee on Artizans and Machinery said that he had encountered Job Dixon working at 'Sernag'. This was probably a misprint for Seraing (Belgium)[2]. A Dutch source refers to the Atlas Foundry being established by machine maker Job Dixon from Britain, who had previously been active in Belgium, but had settled in the 1830s in the Netherlands. It also records that he had previously been the technical director of the Enschede Katoenspinnerij. [3]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 'Le Mulhouse industriel: Un siècle d'histoire urbaine (1740-1848' - 2 volumes, by Stéphane Jonas, 1994
  2. [1] Selection of Reports and Papers of the House of Commons: Vol 17, 1836: 5th Report of the Select Committee on Artizans and Machinery
  3. [2] Geschiedenis van de techniek in Nederland. De wording van een moderne samenleving 1800-1890. Deel IV: auteur: H.W. Lintsen. Google translation to English: [3] 'History of Technology in the Netherlands. The making of a modern society from 1800 to 1890. Part IV' by H. W. Lintsen