Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,368 pages of information and 233,846 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

J. and T. Sherratt

From Graces Guide

Revision as of 08:40, 2 October 2021 by JohnD (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

John Sherratt and Thomas Sherratt of Salford Iron Works

Successors to Bateman and Sherratt

1814 Ironfounders

1821 John and Thomas Sherratt listed as iron founders of Hardman street. [1]

A beam engine at Jesse Shirley's flint mill in Hanley is thought to have been made by Sherratt [2]

1822 'Steam Engine at the Bottom of a Coal-Pit'. 'An engine pit of 147½ ft deep has been sunk upon the Black Mine in Newton near Stockport by Bateman and Sherratt upon the estate of F. D. Astley.' The engine was erected at bottom of the pit in an engine House 30 ft long, 30 ft high, 10ft wide. The 28 HP engine was of 5 ft stroke and had a beam 16 ft long and flywheel 16 ft diameter. The boiler was 25 ft long, 6.5 ft wide. The engine worked an inclined plane 333 yds long at an average angle of 37 degrees, using an endless chain of about 5 tons in weight. Engine made by J & T Sherratt 'and set up under the immediate inspection of Bateman & Sherratt's agent, Mr J Wilde of Dukinfield' [3]. Note: In view of the hazards, it seems curious having a coal-fired boiler in a deep mine, although some mines did use furnaces to create a draught for ventilation purposes. Nothing further has been found about this installation. It is noted that there was a disaster at the mine due to a fire damp explosion in 1842[4]. The boiler furnaces were not implicated.[5].

1823 'Subterraneous Festivities.—-On Saturday week, Mrs. Astley, of Duckinfield Lodge, gave an elegant dejeune at the bottom of Messrs. Bateman and Sheratt's engine-pit, upon the Black Mine, in Newton. The object of this subterraneous visit was to view the wonderful machinery erected 450 feet below the surface of the earth, for the purpose of winding coal from a still deeper level, of more than 500 feet. A number of ladies were invited, but when the muster was made at the top of the pit, only one (Miss Taylor, of Moston) could be found sufficiently adventurous to accompany the fair hostess to her appointed breakfast-room. Mr. James Wilde, who, as agent to Messrs. Bateman and Sheratt, has superintended the excavations below for the reception of engine of 28 horse power, and the inclined plane into the lower levels, and whose skill and perseverance cannot be too highly appreciated, received the party, consisting of twelve, and had so disposed a number of torches, as to render the high vaults and deep recesses of the works clearly discernible. The party returned after excellent collation of cold viands and wine, having drunk "To the memory of the late Mr. Sheratt, whose great mechanical abilities first brought the mine into consideration," followed by the song of " Should auld acquaintance be forgot?" highly gratified with the boldness which had planned the undertaking, and with the success which appears to attend it.'[6]

1825 Advertisement. 'COTTON MILL. BE LET, for a Term of Years, A COTTON MILL, 26 yards long, 13 yards wide, 8 stories high, and a room in the attic; with a Steam Engine of 36 horses power, the Main Shafts, and Steam Pipes for heating the rooms. The above Fire-proof, and situate in Brown-street, Salford, within five minutes walk of the Manchester Exchange For particulars inquire of J. and T. Sherratt, Salford Iron Works.'[7]

1834 The Mersey and Irwell Navigation Company's newly built steam tug 'Rival' left the dock for the first time in September 1834. Built in the Company's yard in Runcorn, it was fitted with two engines 20 HP each, made by J & T Sherratt. They were placed in the boat under the immediate superintendence of the Company's engineer (Mersey & Irwell or Sherratt?) Mr Richard Phillips[8]

1834 Advert: '..... by order of the assignees of Messrs. Whitehead and Fryer, bankrupts, on the premises at Barton Park Mills, in the township of Barton-upon-Irwell, near Eccles, about 7 miles from Manchester, near Foxhill-bank, upon the turnpike-road from Manchester to Warrington, on Thursday and 13th and 14th days March, 1834:
The whole of the very valuable COTTON SPINNING MACHINERY, ....a capital Steam-engine, of 16 horses' power, by Sherratts; two Steam-boilers, 20 horses' power each ....[9]

1838 Advertisement for sale of plant and equipment of Salford Iron Works belonging to the late Messrs J & T Sherratt, Hardman Street and Brown Street, to be held on 11th & 12th June 1838. The advertisement listed many items, and a few will be highlighted here, namely:- A 'Pneumatic Engine' and a fine model of a pneumatic engine; 14 HP slide valve engine and 20 HP boiler; 10 HP hand gear engine and 24 HP boiler; boring mills; 22" stroke slotting machine; planing machines for work up to 21 ft and 9 ft long; various lathes with centre heights from 7" to 24"; cranes: one crab, one 'universal', 24 wood and iron cranes; Three air furnaces, two cupolas [10][11]

1838 Advertisement: To be let land and buildings at Brown Street, lately in the occupation of J & T Sherratt as a boiler yard. Amenities included a good supply of river and spring water[12]

1843 Advertisement for disposal at Fenton Park Colliery of equipment including a Sherratt pumping engine with 63" bore cylinder, 8 ft stroke and Sherratt winding engine with 32" bore cylinder[13]

1854 An advertisement for the sale of Springfield Lane Dye Works, adjoining Irwell and Dickinson Street, included a 40 HP condensing engine by J & T Sherratt[14]

1845 'A POWERFUL STEAM ENGINE. FOR SALE, a powerful single acting PUMPING ENGINE, sixty-three inch cylinder, eight feet stroke, by Sherratt, of Manchester, one large wrought iron Boiler (dome shaped) with steam and feed pipes, Air Pump and Condenser, thirty cast iron Pump Trees, nine feet each, with clack doors and working barrels, cast iron Floor Beams, iron Plates, Balustrade Staircases, Winding Crab for raising cylinder cover and holding down pins, Capstan and Shears, and Bolts for the pump trees md pump rods. May be seen at the Broadfield Colliery, Fenton, Stoke-upon-Tren.t Apply to Mr. A. Barton (who will show the engine), for terms. Stoke-upon-Trent, March 14, 1845.'[15]


1834 Death Notice: '...on 19th inst Mr John Morrison, 51, loam moulder, in the employ of Messrs Sherratt at Salford Iron Works for upwards of 20 years. His conduct as a servant was exemplary. He was a sober, steady, honest useful and industrious man, and his loss is much regretted by all who knew him [16]

1841 Death Notice: 'On the 20th inst., in his 55th year, Mr. John Isherwood, for many years traveller for the late firm Thomas Sherratt and Co., ironfounders, of Salford.'[17]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1821-22 Pigot & Dean's New Directory of Manchester and Salford
  2. 'Stationary Steam Engines of Great Britain', Volume 5, by George Watkins
  3. Morning Post - Monday 11th November 1822
  4. Report of an explosion at Flowery Fields Black Mine at Newton: Sheffield Independent - Saturday 16th April 1842
  5. Manchester & Salford Advertiser - Saturday 16 April 1842
  6. Westmorland Gazette - Saturday 11 January 1823
  7. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 5 March 1825
  8. Westmorland Gazette - Saturday 9th August 1834, reporting events on 'Monday week'
  9. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 1 March 1834
  10. Staffordshire Advertiser - Saturday 5th May 1838
  11. Manchester & Salford Advertiser, 9 June 1838
  12. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 14th July 1838
  13. Leicester Journal - Friday 14th April 1843
  14. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 3rd June 1854
  15. Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser, 26 March 1845
  16. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 20th September 1834
  17. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 31st December 1841