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The Great Eastern Railway (GER) was a pre-grouping British railway company, whose main line linked London to Norwich and had various other lines through East Anglia. The company was grouped into the London and North Eastern Railway in 1923.
The GER was formed in 1862 as an amalgamation of the Eastern Counties Railway; and also with several other smaller railways: Norfolk Railway, the Eastern Union Railway, the Newmarket Railway, the Harwich Railway, the East Anglian Light Railway and the East Suffolk Railway; amongst others. In 1902 the Northern and Eastern Railway also joined the GER.
The GER had owned over 1200 miles of line and had a near-monopoly over East Anglia services until the creation of the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway in 1893.
The majority of its locomotives were manufactured in Stratford Works, which was on the site of today's Stratford International station.
It was grouped with other railways to form the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER) in 1923.