Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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George Pickering of Newcastle

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1765 Patent No. 829: '12th June 1765. 829. A grant unto George Pickering, of Busy Cottage, near the town and county of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, whitesmith, of his new invented method of making & compleating an iron screw for raising & lifting up timber, & other purposes therein mentioned; to hold to him, his execrs , admrs , & assigns, within England, Wales, & town of Berwick-upon-Tweed for the term of 14 years pursuant to the statute ; with a clause to inroll the same within 4 Kalendar months from the date hereof. Witness His Matie at Westmr, the 12 th day of June, in the year above. By writ, &c.'[1]

1765 Advert: 'By the KING'S Royal Letters Patent for IRON SCREWS.
Whereas his MAJESTY has been graciously pleased to grant unto GEORGE PICKERING, of Busy-cottage, near Newcastle upon Tyne, White-Smith, his Royal Letters Patent for the Term of 14 Years, for his new method of making IRON SCREWS, for raising and lifting up of Timber and loading and stowing of Goods, in and on Board ships, which by many Experiments are found to be of great Use to the Public; Notice is hereby given, that the said screws are sold, by permission of the said George Pickering, at Mess. Joseph and Francis Peacock’s, on the Key, Newcastle upon Tyne, and no where else in England. Masters of Ships, Ship-Carpenters, and Others, may be supplied with the said Screws, by sending Orders to the said Mess. Joseph and Francis Peacock.
N.B. At the same Place may be had, all sorts of Worm Screws for Dyers, Tallow-Chandlers, Tobacconists, &c. - Also IRON GATES amd PALLISADES for Gentlemen's Fronts and Hand Rails, and Ballisters for Stair-Cases.'[2]

1765 Advert: 'Newcastle, August 24, 1765
Whereas an ADVERTISEMENT appear'd in The NEWCASTLE CHRONICLE, that George Pickering has obtain’d a PATENT for Making and Vending IRON SCREWS, also setting forth that he was the sole Inventor thereof: This is therefore to acquaint the Public, that the said Screws are not a new Invention, but only an Alteration from Screws made several Years ago by my Father, which Alteration was also perform’d by me some Months before the Commencement his Patent. Any-Masters of Ships, shipbuilders, or others, that please to favour me with their Orders, for these, or any other Sorts of Screws, may depend on having them compleatly and expeditiously executed, by Their much obliged bumble Servant, THO. HILLCOATE.'[3]

1774 Advertisement: 'ANN PICKERING, widow of the late Mr GEORGE PICKERING, White and Black Smith, and Patent Screw Maker, returns her most sincere and hearty thanks to their friends and customers for the favours received in her late husband's time, and hopes for the continuance thereof, as she purposes carrying on the same business, and will serve her cuftomers on the same terms, with the utmost exactness and dispatch.
N.B. All orders from the country to be directed to Ann Pickering, at. the head of Johnston's Entry, near the Keelmen's Hospital, Sandgate.
Sandgate, Newcastle,, 18th Oct. 1774'[4]

1780 Equipment advertised for sale by Joseph Curry included a 'Screw Engine belonging to the late George Pickering, White Smith'.[5]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] 'Titles of patents of invention, chronologically arranged covers period from Mar. 2, 1617 to Oct. 1, 1852' by Bennet Woodcroft, 1854
  2. Newcastle Chronicle - Saturday 14 September 1765
  3. Newcastle Courant - Saturday 21 September 1765
  4. Newcastle Courant - Saturday 5 November 1774
  5. Newcastle Courant - Saturday 29 July 1780