1851 Great Exhibition: Official Catalogue: Class V.: W. Norris Crips
576. CRIPS, W. NORRIS, 352 Bell Barn Road, Birmingham — Inventor.
Model locomotive tender and carriage for reducing the danger of collision on railways, and for affording refuge to the engine-driver and stoker. The novelty of the invention consists in the construction of a carriage with longitudinal tubular beams and rods, in lieu of the solid timber or iron beams at present used, and in the arrangement of elliptical springs, forming together a perfectly expanding and collapsing carriage, capable of sustaining an immense shock without receiving injury. Any description of body may be placed on the carriage; and a portion of the arrangement of springs is so designed as to be capable of being adapted to the form of every carriage in present use. It is considered that a train so fitted would suffer but little injury from shocks from front or rear.
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