Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Ystalyfera Iron Co

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of Swansea

Iron Masters

1838 Ystalyfera Iron Works were built

1848 Report J. P. Budd's use of the hot gases, which normally escape from blast furnaces, to provide heating to produce steam for engines in the works.[1]

1849 Report of J. P. Budd's improvements to blast furnaces, to utilise the hot gas from the furnaces as a cheap way of providing the hot blast.[2]

1850s Ystalyfera's bank of 11 blast-furnaces was second only to that at Dowlais.

1860s All the anthracite ironworks went into decline from the 1860s

1861 Claimed to be the largest tinplate works in the world, employing 4000 people plus another 1000 in the ore and coal mines belonging to the works [3]. Its bank of eleven blast-furnaces was second only to that at Dowlais.

By 1864 Ystalyfera had only six furnaces in blast. The owner, James Palmer Budd, struggled to keep the works going, both for the sake of the workforce and out of personal pride, but the few remaining furnaces were blown out in 1885.

1867 Exhibited iron at the Paris Exhibition

Tinplate continued to be produced by Ystalyfera Tinplate Co


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Practical Mechanic's Journal, 1848, Vol 1, p.163
  2. The Practical Mechanic's Journal, 1849, pp.12-13
  3. [1] History of Caergurwen