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British Industrial History

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William Miller Christy

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William Miller Christy (1778-1858) of Christy and Co and W. M. Christy and Sons

1778 Born the son of Miller Christy in Allhallows, Lombard Street, London [1]

1792 Indentured to his father, a member of the Company of Feltmakers

c.1799 Became a partner in the family business

1805 Married Ann Fell in Southwark[2]

The firm developed manufacturing interests in Bermondsey and later in Stockport.

1824 Christy was a founder of Christy, Lloyd and Co, the Stockport and East Cheshire Bank, with Isaac Lloyd and two other partners. The immediate challenge of the panic of 1825 was handled with the support of Hanbury and Co. the bank's London associates.

1829 William Miller Christy acquired capital as a result of the sale of the bank and used the money to enter the cotton business[3], in Stockport and then Droylsden. The enterprise later made a major success of the Christy towel

1830 Thomas Christy the elder retired from the Partnership with William Miller Christy, John Christy and Thomas Christy, junior, in the trades of Hat Manufacturers, Furriers, and Skinners, carried on in Gracechurch-Street, in the City of London, in Bermondsey-street in the County of Surrey, at Stockport, in the County of Chester, and at Frampton Cotterell, in the County of Gloucester[4]

1833 W. M. Christy was in business at Hillgate Mill, Stockport (see Christy and Co)..

1833 Christy purchased land at Droylsden.

1834 Thomas Christy, Junior, John Christy and William Miller Christy of Gracechurch Street, London, were members of the Company of Felt Makers[5]

1836 Christy was one of the founders of the London Joint Stock Bank.

1837 Christy opened Fairfield Mill at Droylsden, which led to the formation of his own business which became W. M. Christy and Sons.

1837 Christy set up Queen Street School, Droylsden.

1841 William M Christy 60, hat manufacturer, lived in Kennington with Ann Christy 55, Mary Ann Christy 30, Henry Christy 30, hat manufacturer, John Fell Christy, glass manufacturer, 35, Elizabeth Christy 25, Alexander Christy 20, Richard Christy 20, Rebecca Christy 20[6]

1843 William took two of his sons, Alexander and Richard, into partnership and retired from the day-to-day running of the business.

1845 Retired from the trade and left the Partnership with John Christy, Thomas Christy the younger, Samuel Christy, Henry Christy, and Alfred Christy, of Gracechurch-street, in the city of London, Hat Manufacturers[7].

1851 Advocated the introduced of the "penny receipt stamp"; pointed out the revenue that would accrue from the 1,750 bank branches in the country[8]

1851 William Christy 73, hat manufacturer, lived in Wimbledon, with Ann Christy 67, Mary Ann Christy 43, Henry Christy 40, manufacturer, John Gill Christy 39, Elizabeth Christy 37, Alexander Christy 33, manufacturer[9]

1853 For many years he had advocated the "penny receipt stamp" on both financial and moral grounds[10]; it was finally introduced in 1853.

1858 Died in Kingston[11]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Quaker Births
  2. Quaker records
  3. Wikipedia entry for William Miller Christy
  4. London Gazette 28 December 1830
  5. London Electoral Register
  6. 1841 census
  7. London Gazette 18 July 1845
  8. The Times Apr. 23, 1855
  9. 1851 census
  10. The Times Apr. 21, 1853
  11. BMD
  • Wikipedia entry for William Miller Christy [1]