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British Industrial History

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William Kirtley

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William Kirtley (1840-7 October 1919) was the Locomotive Superintendent of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR) from 1874 until the merger to form the South Eastern and Chatham Railway at the end of 1898.

William was born in Warrington in 1840, the son of the locomotive engineer Thomas Kirtley.

He was educated by his uncle Matthew Kirtley, Locomotive Superintendent of the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway and later of the Midland Railway, following his father's premature death. He served as a pupil at Derby Works from 1854–1860, and from 1861 to 1864 he was Running foreman for the Midland Railway for the London District.

1830s In charge of the shop engine at Charles Tayleur and Co, the cylinder of which he burst by applying too much force[1]

1864 William Kirtley, Locomotive Department, Midland Railway.[2]

In 1864 he was appointed superintendent of Derby Works.

In 1874 he was appointed Carriage and Wagon Superintendent on the LC&DR following the death of William Martley, and served until the merger to form the South Eastern and Chatham Railway at the end of 1898, when he retired.

During his period at the LC&DR Kirtley extended Longhedge Railway Works (Battersea) and once again used it for new locomotive construction. He also introduced a new livery, numbering scheme and locomotive classification scheme to the railway. The railway under Kirtley was also one of the pioneers in using continuous braking by means of Westinghouse air brakes.

According to D. L. Bradley, Kirtley's locomotives were “well designed, robustly constructed, easily maintained, and capable of high mileages between general repairs. For the period their coal, water and old consumption was moderate while all performed their daily tasks well.” His classes included 0-4-4 suburban tanks of the A, A1, A2, R, and R1 classes; six coupled 0-6-0 goods engines of classes B, B1, and B2 classes; six coupled tanks of the T class; and 4-4-0 express passenger locomotives of the M, M1, M2 and M3 classes.

These, rather than Stirling's Ashford products, formed the basis for SE&CR development under Wainwright, not least because it was Robert Surtees from Longhedge who led design work for the successor organisation. The R series led to the SE&CR's R1 and subsequent H class; the Bs to the famous C class; and the Ms to the D and E classes, which in their rebuilt Maunsell form may have been the best British inside-cylinder 4-4-0s.

Kirtley also served as consultant to the Hull and Barnsley Railway between 1883 and 1885, prior to the opening of the line. During this spell he also designed twelve six coupled tank locomotives and twenty tender locomotives to similar designs and ten 2-4-0s.

1898 Retired from the LC&DR.

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