Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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William Barningham

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William Barningham of Pendleton Ironworks, Manchester

1840s the Barningham Brothers had been in partnership at the Collyhurst Foundry near Manchester.

William Barningham (1825-1882) went to Middlesbrough and set up business there making railway track.

1851 William Barningham is an Iron Founder, visting Middlesbrough, employing 12 men.[1]

William found a business opportunity re-rolling rails in Lancashire - presumably initially in partnership with brother James.

1853 Dissolution of the partnership between William Barningham and James Barningham, as Iron Manufacturers and Iron and Brass Founders, at Pendleton, near Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, under the firm of W. and J. Barningham, by mutual consent All debts were handled by William Barningham, who carried on the businesses[2].

1853(?) William Barningham (1825-1882) established himself in business after seeing an opportunity to re-roll worn rails on a site where transport costs could be minimised. The works made a variety of railway and colliery products.

As the Pendleton works were not suitable for larger foreign contracts for new rails, Barningham sought a base in Cleveland and, in 1858, identified Albert Hill, Darlington, as his preferred site.

1860 'The Darlington Iron Company, of the Albert Hill Iron Works, Darlington, have received orders to supply the rails for the first street railway in London. The rails will be laid down in Victoria-street, Westminster. We also understand Mr. W. Barningham, of the Pendleton Iron Works, Manchester, has supplied the rails for the first street railway in Manchester, a short experimental railway, on a new plan, being now laid with those rails at Pendleton. So much for Cleveland men and Cleveland iron.' [3] Note: This 'Patent Perambulator Street Railway' was patented by Mr John Haworth of Old Trafford [4]

1867-78 Around seven locomotives were built for their own use

1871 Employing 400 men and boys.[5]

1872 The Pendleton works had recently started to make Bessemer steel; William Barningham was paid £275,000 for his share of the firm [it was said that he was 'desirous of retiring from their principal management'].

1875 Pendleton Works had 20 puddling furnaces and 3 rolling mills; the company also used small forges in Bolton, Oldham and the neighbourhood, where furnaces and mills were used mainly for remanufacturing from scrap[6]

1887 'FOR SALE, as a going concern, in full operation, with goodwill and 37 years' connection, the PENDLETON IRONWORKS, now carried on by Messrs. William Barningham and Co. Limited. These works are situated about two miles from the Manchester Exchange, on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, with which they are connected by a siding, and adjoining the Manchester and Bolton Canal, and about one mile from the proposed docks of the Manchester Ship Canal. The works comprise 20 puddling, one ball, and 10 heating furnaces, two steam hammers, one forge mill, and three finishing mills, a large stock of rolls for rails, girders, angles, tees, and bar iron, and all the necessary saws, shears, punching, and straightening machines of modern construction. Large foundry, with excellent cupola and Root's blower, steam crane, &c; extensive fitting shops and erecting sheds, with planing, drilling, and punching machines, by some of the best makers, specially adapted for making points and crossings, beams, girders, roof, and bridge work; good water supply, commodious offices, iron warehouses, stabling. Spare land for the erection of basic open hearth steel furnaces, for which material there is a growing demand. A quantity of new iron bars of various sizes and sections on sale.—For plans, further particulars, orders to view, &c, apply to Mr. I. BOWES, managing director, at the works.[7]

1888 The Pendleton Iron Works, which made a variety of railway and colliery products, was closed and the business liquidated.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1851 Census
  2. London Gazette 3 May 1853
  3. Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 17th November 1860
  4. London Standard, 11th September 1861
  5. 1871 Census
  6. The Engineer 1875/09/03
  7. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 5th November 1887
  • British Steam Locomotive Builders by James W. Lowe. Published in 1975. ISBN 0-905100-816