Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Widnes Alkali Co

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Widnes Alkali Company, caustic soda and bleaching powder manufacturers of Widnes, Lancashire.

1865 Widnes Alkali Co established works which later became Muspratt's No 2 Works[1]

1884 erected a revolving furnace of about 26ft. length with two discharge holes.

1888 Installed a very large revolving furnace of 30 ft. length with diameter of 12 ft. 6 in. A charge of salt cake was 8 tons 12 cwt. producing 240 tons of 60 per cent. caustic soda in 7 days operation.

1888 Widnes Alkali Co exhibited crystals of chlorate of potash at the Glasgow International Exhibition[2].

1888 For some time the Widnes Alkali Co had been making a type of Portland cement from caustic lime mud to the patent of Mr John S. Rigby; a company was formed to purchase the rights and build works at Widnes and St. Helens[3].

1891 One of many Leblanc soda manufacturers which amalgamated to form the United Alkali Co.

1919 merged with Muspratt Wood End works as Muspratt No 2 works.

1930 Amalgamated with Gaskell, Marsh works

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. National Archives
  2. Glasgow Herald, 16 July 1888
  3. Liverpool Mercury, 28 September 1888
  • J Soc Chem. Industry, reproduced in Scientific American, 1888