Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 162,869 pages of information and 245,382 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

White and Poppe

From Graces Guide
November 1904.
December 1904.
June 1905.
March 1906. 20 h.p six-cylinder engine.
July 1906.
December 1906. 25 h.p. engine.
November 1906.
November 1909.
July 1910.
December 1910.
January 1912.
October 1912. Carburettor.
November 1912. Carburettor.
October 1912. Erecting shop.
May 1913.

White and Poppe of Holbrooks Lane, and Lockhurst Lane, in Coventry, were proprietary engine and gearbox manufacturers.

They also produced motorcycles (see below), although they were better known for the engines they supplied to other companies.

1897 Alfred James White first met Peter August Poppe, in August, when visiting a small arms factory in Austria. They became friends, and White suggested to Poppe that he moved to Coventry to set up an engine business.

1899 Supported financially by White's family, the resulting Company was registered in 1899. White's family owned 337 shares in the company, Alfred White, 250, and Peter Poppe, 1 share.

1900 White and Poppe filed various patents for machine tools they had designed for their production line. They pioneered interchangeability of parts in automotive engines from their experience in the munitions industry. Their advanced carburetors mechanically controlled the proportion of fuel to air to achieve a consistent proportion throughout the operating range.

The company initially worked on the design of a single cylinder engine but this was interrupted by manufacture of munitions for the Boer war (1899-1902).

1903 The first engine produced was for a motor bike (80mm bore 85mm stroke, air cooled).

1905 They introduced a 80mm bore 90 mm stroke engine in 2, 3 and 4 cylinder versions (7-14 hp).

1906 White and Poppe were a proprietary engine manufacturer and became a preferred supplier to Dennis Brothers, at which point White and Poppe were supplying 22 different motor manufacturers including Morris and Ariel

1906 July. Company supplying engines to -[1]

1913 May. Details of the White and Poppe carburettor.[2]

1914 The company employed 350 people

1914 March. Range of engines from 60 x 90 (as used in the Morris-Oxford) to 127 x 180.[3]

1916 When the first German airship was shot down (Schutte-Lanz SL11) on 3rd September, it was fitted with a White and Poppe carburettor.

1917 Mentioned. Howard J. White, Chairman; P. A. Poppe, Alfred White, Manager; J. N. White; Cyril White.[4]

1918 The company employed 12,000 people due to the large contracts they had to build munitions

1919 On 5th November, in the post World War I recession, Dennis Brothers purchased White and Poppe by exchange of shares to the value of £204,365.00. By then, White and Poppe had produced nearly 12,000 engines in total, including approximately 5,000 for Dennis Bros.

Alfred White was offered a knighthood after World War I, but turned it down because Peter Poppe was not eligible, being a foreign national.

1919 March. Advert for their engines and carburettors.

1920 Alfred White sold his shares to Dennis Brothers but stayed on until 1922 when he joined Rover as Chief Engineer

1930 Ceased trading

Motorcycles 1902-1914

They built their own engines in the same style as the ones they supplied to Ariel - with the valves to one side of the head, but spaced much further apart than usual.

By late-1904 they had a 5hp vertical-twin engine that had the pistons at 180 degrees and could be water cooled for tricycle work instead of the usual air cooling.

As well as the engines they supplied to other companies, the firm also built some motorcycles. This must have been unpopular with their engine customers, so production was limited.

In 1921, they listed a small two-stroke engine but, by then, were making car engines for William Morris among others.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 1906 Advert
  2. The Autocar 1913/05/31
  3. The Autocar 1914/03/28
  4. Coventry Evening Telegraph - Monday 01 January 1917
  • Wikipedia
  • The Autocar 1919/03/29
  • The British Motorcycle Directory - Over 1,100 Marques from 1888 - by Roy Bacon and Ken Hallworth. Pub: The Crowood Press 2004 ISBN 1 86126 674 X
  • [1] Ian Chadwick's motorcycle web site
  • [2] RCS Motor Club Archive