Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,124 pages of information and 233,665 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Varrall, Elwell and Middleton

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search

of 9, Avenue Trudaine, Paris

Successors to Sanford (or Sandford) and Varrall [1]

1851 Exhibited a paper-making machine and a machine for dividing paper into sheets at the Great Exhibition.

1855 Exhibited a planing machine with a bed 25 ft long, 4 ft wide, at the 1855 Paris Universal Exposition[2]

The partners were William Varrall, Henry Sanford (until 1842), R. Middleton and Thomas Elwell. [3]. William Varrall went to France in 1829, and Henry Sanford in 1827, on behalf of Bryan Donkin.[4]

At some point they became Varrall, Elwell and Poulet. Drawing of steam hammer here [5]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] Journal of the Franklin Institute, Volume 9, 1845
  2. 'The Artizan' January 1856
  3. Serge Chassagne: Louis ANDRÉ, Machines à papier. Innovation et transformations de l'industrie papetière en France, 1798-1860, Paris, Éditions de l'École des hautes études en sciences sociales, 1996, 501 p. », Cahiers d'histoire, 42-2, 1997, online 14 May 2009. URL :
  4. [2] TECHNOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE GLOBAL PULP & PAPER INDUSTRY 1800 - 2015 edited by Timo Särkkä, Miquel Gutiérrez-Poch, Mark Kuhlberg, 2018, Springer
  5. [3] BnF Gallica website: Livre Des Machines-outils, leur importance, leur utilité, progrès apportés dans leur Fabrication by J. Chrétien, 1863