Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,107 pages of information and 245,598 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Van den Berghs

From Graces Guide
October 1954. Summer County Margarine.
May 1955.

of 82 Fenchurch Street, London.

1869 Margarine was invented and patented by a French chemist.

1871 Jurgens was a butter wholesaler in Osch, Holland who began to produce margarine. Van den Bergh, another butter wholesaler from the same village in Holland, also began to produce margarine. Most of their products were exported, in particular to Britain.

1872 Jurgens and Van den Bergh opened their first factories to produce margarine.

1885 The Van den Bergh Brothers registered a British trademark for their butterine.

1890s Jurgens' Solo and Van den Bergh's Vitello brands of margarine were produced.

1895 The company was registered on 9 March, to acquire the business of Van den Bergh Brothers of London, and Simon Van den Bergh of Rotterdam, Cleves and Brussels, for the manufacture and sale of margarine and butter subsititutes.

1897 The name was formerly Van den Berghs Margarine but in connection with an extension of the business it was changed as above. [1]

1898 Van den Bergh's salesforce numbered 750; launched a new branded margarine: Vitello.

1901 Stork brand of margarine registered.

1908 Jurgens and Van den Bergh agreed to share profits while continuing to compete against each other.

1912 The profit-sharing deal between Jurgens and Van den Bergh was ended but the two companies continued to work together.

1917 Jurgens formed an alliance with Kellogg's in preparation for expansion into North America. Jurgens and Van den Bergh both established factories in England.

1924 Description of work undertaken to address serious settlement of the Jurgens Oil Mill Works at Zwijndrecht. The building was situated alongside the River Maas, between the river bank and a dyke, and had been constructed rapidly. The corrective work was undertaken under the supervision of Mr. C. A. Salm, the factory engineer.[2]

1927 Jurgens and Van den Bergh had joined with two other European businesses, Centra and Schicht. Then the two joined to create Margarine Unie - the Margarine Union. The union quickly gained new members, creating a large group of European businesses involved in the production of almost all goods created from oils and fats.

1928 Margarine Unie acquired the French-Dutch Calvé-Delft group with factories in the Netherlands, France, Belgium and Czechoslovakia.

1929 Margarine Unie acquired Hartog's.

1929 Margarine Unie merged with Lever Brothers to form Unilever. Initially the two partners intended to negotiate an arrangement to keep out of each other's principal interests of soap and margarine production, but in the end decided on an amalgamation instead.

1939 R. S. Hudson and Co was an "allied company" of Van den Berghs and Jurgens Ltd, which had been marketing Spry, which was made by Van den Berghs at Bromborough[3]

Additional information [4]
In 1911 Sam Van den Bergh and Anton Jurgens decided to build a soap and hardening factory and a vegetable oil factory in Zwijndrecht. In 1913 the first production started. In 1915 Jurgens began a new oil refinery with a capacity of 400 tons a week at Zwijndrecht. In 1927 Van den Bergh and Jurgens decided to merge their margarine and oil refinining activities in the the N.V. Maatschappij der Vereenigde Oliefabrieken (MVO) at Zwijndrecht and the Margarine Union.

See Also

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Sources of Informtion

  • History of Unilever [2]
  • Trademarked. A History of Well-Known Brands - from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton. Pub: Sutton Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-0-7509-4590-5
  1. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  2. Engineering 1924/02/08
  3. The Times, Apr 13, 1939
  4. [1] Sime Darby Oils Zwijndrecht Refinery