Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Vabis

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The first Swedish car, on display at the Swedish National Museum of Science and Technology
Petrol engine on first Swedish car

Vabis - Vagnfabrik AB, Sodertalge, Sweden. formerly formerly Aktiebolaget Sprit MOtorfabriken, ASMO

The company formed by Gustaf Eriksson of Surahammars Bruk.

Erikson returned to Surahammar and produced a photogen engine. He improved the invention by making it into a four-cylinder four-stroke engine, and in the autumn of 1897 he bought a carriage from CA Carlsson & Söner in Stockholm for SEK 450. Between 1897 and 1902 he fitted the engine into the wagon, thus creating the first car in Sweden. He avoided petrol engines, but his engines suffered from poor gasification of the fuel, and from inadequate cooling. The car was dismantled and rebuilt a number of times until 1902 when the car had a two-cylinder 5 hp petrol engine. The Surahammar car is on display at the Tekniska Museet - Swedish National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm.

Surahammars Bruk and Vabis became Scania-Vabis, now Scania CV AB.

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