Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Turner Manufacturing Co

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November 1922. Turner Sales Ltd.
October 1923.
December 1939.
Sept 1940.
April 1943.
May 1943
May 1943
Jan 1945.
August 1945.
1946.
September 1954.
Sept 1963.
September 1968.
Yeoman of England. Reg No: RWD 512. Fitted with a Marles Steering Co steering box.
Yeoman of England. Reg No: RWD 512.
Yeoman of England (detail). Reg No: RWD 512.

Turner Manufacturing Company of Wulfruna Works, Villiers Street, Wolverhampton

and of Fordhouses, Wolverhampton (1960)

See also -

c.1800 The earliest Turner business was established

Mid-19th century. The Thomas Turner Company started as an engineering business.

Manufactured a variety of automatic machines and workers' time recording devices

In 1902 the company started production of motor cars, acquiring the manufacturing rights of a well established vehicle, the Belgian Miesse steam car from the Brussels-based company of J. Miesse. James Burns Dumbell was in charge of this part of the business

The Turner-Miesse steam cars were initially produced at the company's works in Walsall Street. The car had a three cylinder, single acting engine (steam only admitted above the piston) with a paraffin-fired flash boiler.

1902 Private company registered as Turner's Motor Manufacturing Co. Ltd[1] to acquire as a going concern the motor manufacturing company of Thomas Turner which manufactured velocipedes and steam cars.

1914 Directory lists them as Turner, T., and Co., Lever Street, Wolverhampton and as motor car manufacturers. [2]

WWI Car production ceased during the war and they concentrated on components and machine tools

1928 Ended car production

1934 Started to manufacture aircraft landing gear under the guidance of P. B. Dumbell the MD; as a result of WWII this product sold in such quantities that the works at Moorfield Road had to be enlarged. Seem to have also produced a marine diesel engine at this time.

1937 Pneumatic strips for undercarriages. "Turner" Compressed Air Landing Legs. "Turner" Pumps to Romec Patents. "Turner" Undercarriages. [3]

1937 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair. Turner Machine Tools, comprising: Roller Bearing Headstocks, Countershaft Drive or Direct Motor-Driven Capstan Lathes; Universal Tool and Cutter Grinders, Countershaft and Motor Drive; examples of Landing Legs for Aircraft. (Stand No. D.429) [4]

1938 Name changed to Turner Manufacturing Co

1939 See Aircraft Industry Suppliers

WWII Involved in aircraft engineering and manufactured military winches.

Post WWII: Aircraft activities were focussed on helicopter components and ground equipment. The company found it had excess capacity and so looked again at producing vehicles.

1948 A separate company was formed called Light Delivery Vehicles

There was also great interest in increasing agricultural production at the time so Turners started producing agricultural machinery. This resulted in the Yeoman of England tractor. The engine was designed in house by Freeman Sanders who also developed the Fowler diesel and Ferguson TEF20 engine. A range of accessories was also developed including ploughs, cultivators, harrows and mowers.

1950 The tractor was submitted for test by the NIAE in June 1950 whereupon several problems were found.

Even though the engine was re-designed in 1951, the tractor had gained a bad reputation.

1956 Ceased manufacturing their own diesel engine and tractor; went into sub-contract work for the Perkins C499 engine and components for Ford tractors.

1960 Licenced transmissions from Clark Equipment International of USA

1961 Engineers, manufacturing aircraft hydraulic components, winch gear and machined components for the automotive trade and hydraulic and pneumatic equipment. 800 employees. [5]

1962 Gearboxes supplied to Ford and Vauxhall commercial vehicles.

1964 Subsidiary Hydraulics and Pneumatics exploited opportunities in commercial hydraulics, won its first order for the tanker British Admiral for hydraulic control valves.

1966 Acquired Baetz Equipment Ltd which made pumps for oil storage and other metal fabrications.

1968 Acquired Earby Light Engineers Ltd, makers of components for airframes and engines, which expanded the company's aircraft sub-contract work which had previously been focussed on helicopters

1968 Public company incorporated to acquire the previous company[6]

Turner Manufacturing Co became Turner Powertrain Systems and was purchased by Caterpillar in 1996.

See Also

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Sources of Information

  • Turner [1]
  • The British Motorcycle Directory - Over 1,100 Marques from 1888 - by Roy Bacon and Ken Hallworth. Pub: The Crowood Press 2004 ISBN 1 86126 674 X
  • [2] Richard Lines Web Site
  • Powered Vehicles made in the Black Country by Jim Boulton and Harold Parsons. Published 1990. ISBN 0 904015 30 0