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Thomas William Twyford (1849–1921), sanitary ware manufacturer
1849 September 23rd. Born in Hanover Street, Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, the eldest son of Thomas Twyford (1827-1872), earthenware manufacturer. He came from a long line of north Staffordshire potters, a descendant of Joshua Twyford (bap. 1640, d. 1729), a potter in Hanley.
1861 Living at 24 Market Street, Stoke-on-Trent: Thomas Twyford (age 34 born Hanley), Earthenware Manufacturer. With his wife Sarah Twyford (age 33 born Tunstall) and their four children; Thomas Twyford (age 11 born Hanley); Sarah Ann Twyford (age 9 born Worcester); Albert John Twyford (age 5 born Hanley); and Robert James Twyford (age 1 born Hanley).
1872 Thomas William took control of the Twyfords business when his father died.
1879 He released his first sanitary ware catalogue in March 1879. His first water closets (the National, the Crown and the Alliance) were not free-standing.
About 1884 he introduced his first freestanding closet, the Unitas, which were more hygienic.
1884 Patent for a ceramic baffle near the flush inlet to assist in the distribution of water around the basin.
1886 A second type of freestanding closet with exterior styling called Florentine
1886-8 Further patents.
About 1887 introduced earthenware handbasins made with improved holes for the taps, integrated overflow chambers, and facias designed to hide the iron brackets supporting the basin. He also introduced a pedestal bidet with hot and cold taps, standing waste, overflow, and flushing rim.
1887 consolidated manufacturing on a new site at Cliffe Vale, Stoke-on-Trent
1889 Pedestal version water closet, the Deluge.
1890 began the manufacture of fireclay sanitary ware by recruiting a team of experienced fireclay potters from Scotland.
1890-91 patents for improvements to the draining and trapping of sinks
1891 patented an improved siphon for toilet
1894 introduced his first low level cistern;
1899 introduce a close coupled closet and cistern.
1911 new fireclay works built opposite the Cliffe Vale works
1912 new works established in Garner Street, Etruria.