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British Industrial History

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Thomas Bury

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of the Adelphi Silk Dyeworks, Salford

1833 :'Accidents. — An aged man named Thomas Weaville, private watchman to Messrs. Thomas Bury and Sons, of Salford, was about one o'clock on Saturday morning, dreadfully scalded under the following circumstances: —He had been ordered to superintend some silks which were being boiled in bags. The bags appearing above the surface of the water he attempted to put them down, when the pressure caused a quantity of boiling water to spirt forth, and injured him so severely that he expired on Saturday morning. An inquest was held on the body before Mr. Rutter, and a verdict of "accidental death" returned.'[1]

1839 Report on instances of hurricane damage: 'Early in the morning, the large octagonal chimney on the premises of Mr. Thos. Bury, Adelphi, was observed to vibrate by some workmen in the employ of Messrs. Gisborne and Wilson, and about six o'clock it fell with a loud crash. Five persons were upon the premises at the time, three of them in one of the rooms adjoining the engine-house, when the roof of the building was smashed by the coping-stones of the chimney. In a few seconds, about one half the chimney, which was originally 53 yards high, fell forward with tremendous crash, carrying down the roof and flooring of the finishing-room to the ground story, used as a boiler room, in which are two steam boilers, employed in working the steam engine. When the men saw the mass falling upon the building, they ran to the windows, and let themselves down to the ground. One man, less cautious, sprang from the window, and was a little bruised in the fall, as well as spraining both feet. Two of the hands, one of them a young man, named Gaskell, were in the boiler-house at the time the chimney fell. Two of the coping-stones fell within few inches of the place where Gaskell was standing; and it is rather remarkable, that he escaped without any personal injury, his hat having been knocked off by some of the falling rubbish. Some idea may be entertained of the tremendous force of the crash, when we state that one of the large thick beams (18 inches square), of which several are placed across the building, was snapped in two in an instant. The engine was wholly uninjured, and the engine-house, a very substantial fire-proof building, received very little damage; ......[2]

1847 'An Artesian Well in Salford.—We learn that a well on this principle is now being bored by the Messrs. Mather, of Salford, for Mr. Thomas Bury, of the Adelphi, on the top of the hill at the end of Melbourne Terrace. The well is covered over by a wooden shed, under which also a small engine and the boring apparatus, which is constructed so to perform a kind of double eccentric movement. When they bore a certain depth cylinder is let down to the bottom, and the sand and other substances drawn up, when the process of boring is resumed. And this has been going on till the depth of 160 yards have been bored, without for once public attention being drawn to the subject. It is stated that less than £4 per yard would cover the cost of this immense undertaking; and it is understood that the depth of 300 yards is intended to be reached. With the present depth (160 yards) the water in the well has risen to within fourteen yards of the surface, and it is expected that by the time they reach 300 yards it will rise to the top. This experiment will cost something over £1,200, and if it be correct that the main or artesian well-spring lies about 400 or 450 yards below the surface, if £5 per yard were allowed for greater depth than 300, the cost would not exceed £2,000 for the whole depth of 450 yards - Guardian.' [3]

1857 Sale notice: Alfred Leigh instructed by the assignees of Thomas Bury, to sell by auction, the whole of the machinery, utensils, &c. for Silk. Cotton, and Worsted Dyeing, &c., on the premises known asthe Adelphi Silk Dyeworks.[4]

1858 Sale notice: 'Preliminary Notice. — Highly Important to Silk, Cotton, and Worsted Dyers, &c. ALFRED LEIGH begs to intimate that he will SELL BY AUCTION, about the middle of the ensuing month of January, 1858, the premises known as Adelphi Silk Dyeworks, situate in Adelphi-street, Salford, by order of the assignees of Mr. Thomas Bury, and without reserve, the Valuable MACHINERY, &c., comprising six hydro-extractors, with baskets, 2ft. 6in., 3ft. 4in., and 3ft. 6in. diameter, Seyrig's patent; hydraulic press, with 8in. ram, pair of double pumps, and two cast-iron carriages, lined with copper, on cast-iron railway; very powerful stretching machine, with four arms and gearing complete; five large-sized copper pans, with grate bars and fixings; several large-sized cast-iron cisterns; round and square cast and wrought iron pans; lead pan, 4ft. 4in. by 2ft. lOin. 4ft. deep, copper bottom; block-tin pan, 3ft. by 2ft. by 2ft. 8in deep, with copper bottom; ten capital stone cisterns, &c. —Further particulars, with date of sale, will be given in future advertisements and meanwhile, for further information, application may be made to Francis Hernaman, Esq., official assignee, 69, Princess-street; Messrs Chew and Son, solicitors, Swan-street; or to the Auctioneer, at his offices, 47, Princess-street, Manchester. [5]


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. Lancaster Gazette, Saturday 8th June 1833
  2. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, Saturday 12th January 1839
  3. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertise, 5th May 1847
  4. Manchester Times, 14 November 1857
  5. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 2 January 1858