Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,535 pages of information and 233,960 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Theodore Olivier

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Théodore Olivier (1793–1853) was a French mathematician.

He was a joint founder of the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, where he was professor of geometry and mechanics. He was also a professor at the École Polytechnique and a professor at the École Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Métiers.

Olivier is known for the construction of three-dimensional geometrical models. He studied the theory of gears, writing an comprehensive treatise on the subject, and constructed models, which are preserved in the Musée des Arts et Metiers.

The above information is condensed from the Wikipedia entry.

Olivier's 1841 machine for cutting (or just finishing?) gear teeth is on display in the Musée des Arts et Metiers. See photos.

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