Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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T. M. Legge

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Sir Thomas Morison Legge (1863–1932), factory inspector

1863 born on 6 January in Hong Kong, the younger son of Reverend James Legge (1815–1897), missionary and Chinese scholar, and his second wife, Hannah Mary Willetts, née Johnstone (1822–1881).

Educated at Dollar Academy, Clackmannanshire, at the City of London School, and at Magdalen College School, Oxford.

1882 entered Oxford University as a non-collegiate student

1884 Move to Trinity College

1886 graduated with second-class honours in the natural sciences (physiology)

Medical training at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London

1890 graduated MB BCh.

1893 DPH (Cambridge)

1894 MD (Oxford)

Then studied public health on the continent, investigating sanitary arrangements in several cities and publishing his findings (1896).

1896 secretary to the Royal Commission on tuberculosis (to 1898).

1898 Appointed the first medical inspector of factories.

1902 honorary secretary of the British Association section on industrial hygiene and diseases of occupation.

1904 Married Norah Elizabeth Mack of West Grinstead, Sussex. They had two sons and one daughter.

1905 Appointed Milroy lecturer at the Royal College of Physicians

1918 appointed CBE

1921 represented Britain on the advisory hygiene commission of the International Labour Office at Geneva; helped draft an international convention to ban the use of lead paint inside buildings.

1926 When the time came to implement the convention the British government issued regulations which fell far short of the agreement it had signed five years earlier. Legge resigned his post in protest.

From 1930 he was medical adviser to the social insurance section of the Trades Union Congress.

1932 died suddenly at his home in Warlingham, Surrey.

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Sources of Information

  • Biography ODNB




1925 Knighted