Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

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Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,484 pages of information and 245,913 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Shugborough Hall Bridges

From Graces Guide
1. Red Bridge, 2017
5. 2017. Gates near Essex Lodge
6. Blue Bridge, 2017
15. Canal bridge, 2017
21. Essex Bridge, 2017
23. Aqueduct, 2017

Several interesting bridges can be seen in or adjacent to Shugborough Historic Estate in Staffordshire.

Blue Bridge and Red Bridge

There are two ornate cast iron footbridges on the estate, known as the Blue Bridge and the Red Bridge.

The fussy coronet castings on top of their gateposts lend a Victorian feel, but several sources state that the Red Bridge was built in 1813 (by Charles Heywood).[1]. Another source[2] gives the dates 1813 for the Blue Bridge and 1814 for the Red Bridge, the castings coming from John Toye of Rugeley. This source cites two sources, one being the Accounts of Charles Heywood (clerk of works on the estate). Coronet-topped gateposts of the same design as those on the Blue Bridge can be seen at the estate's entrance from Little Haywood, with its 1859 lodge (known as the Essex Lodge or Trent Lodge). See photo 5. Might the gateposts on the blue and red bridges be later additions?

The Blue Bridge has three spans, two of 19 ft 3" and one of 20 ft. 6".

The Red Bridge has a single span of 42 ft 6". Each arch appears to be a single casting, which is impressive for an early bridge of this size.

The vertical railings of both bridges are of cruciform section, apparently of wrought iron and presumably specially rolled. It appears from photo 13 that these are interconnected at the top by spigots passing through flat wrought iron bars, which are capped by lengths of cast iron handrail (photo 14).

The deck of the Blue Bridge is formed of cast iron panels. These have lugs on the sides for bolts which attach the deck panels to the arch members (photo 12). It is not clear how the bolts are fixed in the arch members. It is improbable that holes would have been drilled and tapped in the arch members. It is possible that the method was that used on many early iron bridges, namely using bolts with tapered square heads sitting in square countersinks. If so, the heads are very discretely fitted in this case. Additional support is given to the deck plates by rectangular iron bar frames with diagonal cross braces, and by a longitudinal bar. These components are probably wrought iron. See photo 12.

Cast Iron Canal Bridge

One of the approach roads to the estate (from Little Haywood) crossed the Trent and Mersey Canal by a cast iron bridge (surviving, see photos 15-20) and crossed the wide River Trent by a cast iron bridge having four spans of similar design to the canal bridge, but supported on cast iron columns (bridge demolished in the 1950s). c.1890 photo of Trent bridge here. The cast iron beams are of thin section and simple design.

Essex Bridge

The estate is also connected to Little Haywood by Essex Bridge, an historic packhorse bridge of fourteen arches. In the eighteenth century the bridge had about forty arches.[3]

Railway Bridges

A short distance east of Essex Bridge, the lane to Great Haywood crosses the Trent & Mersey Canal and then passes under the railway line by a skewed three arch masonry bridge, known by Network Rail as Bridge 141, Temple Bar/Trent Lane (photo 28). A short distance further south, the line crosses a lane leading to the iron canal bridge by small masonry bridge (visible in photo 19).

Iron Aqueduct

A small cast iron aqueduct carries a mill leat (Sher Brook or Sherbrook) into the estate over the Trent Valley railway line, near the eastern entrance to the estate. See photos 23-27. The aqueduct was raised to accommodate the overhead wires when the route was electrified. A pair of the girders of the aqueduct appear to be recycled cast iron girders supplemented by wrought iron plates (photos 25 & 27). The aqueduct dates from the mid 1840s, when the railway was constructed.

1964 'Sherbrook Aqueduct Raised For Rail Electrification
....amongst the structures which have been raised is a narrow cast-iron aqueduct which carries a stream across the main line south of Shugborough Tunnel near Stafford. This section of the line runs through Shugborough Park, the property of the Earl of Lichfield, and was constructed under the powers of the Trent Valley Railway Act of 1845. On the original plans the site was described as "field and watercourses." It appears that the railway company had to construct the aqueduct to carry the stream, called the Sherbrook, across the line. The Sherbrook flows from the Cannock Chase area on the north side of the line to a trout pool on the other side. The aqueduct, known to railwaymen as Trout Stream Bridge, has been raised 2ft. 3ins. The trough was jacked up on special trestles and bedded down on a grillage of steel joists encased in concrete. The course of the stream had to be raised for 160 yards above the aqueduct and a small bridge in the park was also raised by two feet. On the down stream side, a new sluiceway had to be constructed, as the drop at the weir at this point would have been 5ft. 6ins. after the work had been completed.'[4]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] East India Company at Home website: Shugborough Case Study: the Chinese House, c.1747
  2. 'The Iron Bridge' by Neil Cossons & Barrie Trinder. Phillimore, 2002
  3. [2] Staffordshire Past Track website: Shugborough Lodge, Great Haywood
  4. Staffordshire Newsletter - Friday 10 January 1964