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British Industrial History

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Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Co

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1906. Cassandra
1914. Scotts became licensees for FIAT.
1914. Engine built for H.M. submarine boat.
1914. Six-cylinder two stroke cycle reversible engine for submarine.
1928. Twin screw cargo motor vessel MV Eurybates.
1928. Diesel electrically propelled oil tanker Brunswick.
1952. HMS Rocket - Anti-Submarine Frigate.
1958. "Lord Byron"
1959.
1960. "Lord Gladstone".
1961. "Dunkwa"

Scotts' Shipbuilding and Engineering Company often referred to simply as Scotts, were a British shipbuilding company based in Greenock, Scotland, on the River Clyde.

1711 Yard established by John Scott, and initially built small fishing craft.

Charles Scott, son of John, took over, and later his sons John Scott and Robert Sinclair Scott expanded the yard

1819 The yard built the first steamer to trade between the Clyde and Liverpool.

1825 The success of the first experimental steamship led to the Scott family buying an engine works in Greenock and they began to make steamers that could manage the long routes out to the Middle and Far East.

Around 1849 the company, as Scott, Sinclair and Co, built seventeen railway locomotives before this side of the business was dropped.

1852 After completing his apprenticeship, John Scott (1830-1903), eldest son of Charles Scott, became a partner.

The company was known as Scott and Co of Greenock

1861 There were 871 employees[1]

1862 The Greenock yard was sold, partly to Caird and Co and partly to McNab and Co of Greenock

1865 See 1865 Clyde Shipbuilders for detail of the tonnage produced

1880s Throughout the 1800s, a number of steamers were made for different companies. Scotts' were also technical advisers to John Swire and became involved with major construction work for Taikoo Dockyard and Engineering Co. in Hong Kong. This advisory relationship between Scotts' and Swire lasted until the 1880s.

1883 They took over Robert Steele and Sons. The yards also have a history of building warships, Chinese river steamers and naval construction.

1899 Private company Scott and Co.

1900 Incorporated as a limited company.

1904 Became Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Co when the engine works, Scott, Sinclair and Co, were swallowed up.

1900s The company's output was prodigious with over 40 ships built between 1895 and 1905. Notably, the yard was known for it beautiful passenger/cargo liners and steam yachts. The company made over 24 luxurious yachts for the wealthy between 1876 and 1908. The yard also continued building tramps for the Clyde Shipping Co and tankers for the Anglo-American Oil Co.

1914 Shipbuilders. Specialities: war and merchant shipbuilding and marine engineering of the largest types; ship repairing. Employees 5,000. [2]

WWI The yard already had a long history of naval work which was longer than any other Clyde yard, and had already made Dreadnought battleships before the outbreak of war. It should also be noted that the company had been experimenting with submarine designs too, and this held them in good stead with the Admiralty who ordered a number of different models during the war. The yard also made high speed light cruisers, torpedo boat destroyers three sloops and a monitor.

1920s The demand for emigrant and passenger carriers continued apace with the yard making over 30 such ships between 1920 and 1934.

1924 Advert says they are builders of warships, passenger and cargo vessels of all classes. Mentions Scott-Still marine engines. [3]

1925 See Aberconway for information on shipbuilding h.p produced in 1904 and 1925

1930s The yard made tankers for various oil companies and coastal liners along with ten tramps between 1928-30. The yard rode out The Depression thanks to its military orders and made a number of destroyers, submarines and cruisers. However from 1934 the work began to slacken off and Scotts' managed to take over the Mid-Cartsdyke yard of the Greenock Dockyard Co

WWII The Cartsburn Dockyard only participated in naval construction. It completed three cruisers, twenty destroyers and twelve submarines and a destroyer ship. However, the Head Office was bombed in 1941 and many records were destroyed. A further blow was the destruction of the engine and boiler works: they were out of production for six months. Ships in pre or near production were also damaged, thus delaying completion on a number of projects.

1947/8 The yard was redesigned and modernised and began building merchant ships again. Between 1947 and 1962 the yard made 22 ships ranging from passenger/cargo-liners to mini-liners.

1950s The yard built a series of tankers for Norwegian, British and Greek owners. In the mid 50s, the yard opened a new welding shed, which meant that the size of ships it could deal with increased. This led to the yard fitting out sugar bulk carriers for the Lyle family along with more general bulk-liners and ore carriers.

1960s The yard had been modernised again in the previous two years. It could now construct tankers and bulk carriers up to 40,000 dwt. The yard almost immediately took advantage of its new equipment to build a deep sea ship for the Guinea Government. A number of other similar sized ships followed for other countries. The military also continued to patronise the company with frigates and submarines being made throughout the 60s and 70s.

1961 Shipbuilders and marine engineers. Builders of warships, passenger ships, cargo liners, oil tankers, bulk sugar carriers, ore carriers, steam turbines. 3,000 employees.

1963 Failed to win an order to build any of the new Polaris submarines[4]

1965 Took over Scott and Sons (Bowling)

On 1st April 1966 the Cartsburn yards was merged with the Cartsdyke yard: this meant that there was now one continuous shipyard in the area which had been a long held aim of the Company.

1968 The Geddes Report recommended mergers, and a new company was set up: Scott-Lithgow with two separate operating companies Scotts Shipbuilding Co.(1969) and Lithgows (1969) to run the yards.

In 1970 Scotts joined with Lithgows to form Scott-Lithgow

1970s The yards continued making huge tankers and naval ships. The yards were nationalised on 1st July 1977, becoming part of British Shipbuilders Corporation but almost immediately began running out of orders, with the last ship launched from Cartsdyke on 8th August 1979 and Cartsburn on 19th February 1980.

1984 The yards were sold to the Trafalgar House Consortium on 28th March. Four years later they were demolished for redevelopment. There is now a set of offices and a roundabout where the Cartsdyke slipways had once been.

See Also

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Sources of Information

  • [1] Wikipedia
  • British Shipbuilding Yards. 3 vols by Norman L. Middlemiss
  • British Steam Locomotive Builders by James W. Lowe. Published in 1975. ISBN 0-905100-816
  1. 1861 census
  2. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  3. 1924 Naval Annual Advert page xxvii
  4. The Times, May 09, 1963