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Roland Rohlfs (1892-1974) was a distinguished American aviator.
He was the son of Anna Katharine Green (Rohlfs), the famous American crime novelist, and her actor husband Charles Rohlfs.
Rohlfs flew a hydro-aeroplane called the "Dunkirk Fighter" for Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company in 1918. Later that year he broke the Flight airspeed record while flying a Curtiss Wasp, his speed was clocked at 163.1 mph (262.4 km/h).
In 1919 he broke another world record when he flew to an altitude of 34,610 feet in a Curtiss L-3 triplane (at -47 degrees Fahrenheit).