Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,480 pages of information and 245,913 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Ransome and Son

From Graces Guide
Skittle Alley Established by Ransomes*.
1819. Old Ipswich iron bridge at Stoke on the Orwell, made of cast iron and erected by Ransomes.
1830-46. Leggett's Queen Press. Exhibit at Museum of East Anglian Life.
Leggett's Queen Press at the Museum of East Anglian Life

Ransome and Son of Orwell Works, Ipswich. Agricultural Engineers.

Genealogy of the Company


1804 Ransome and Son, in Ipswich, and Ransome and Co, in Yarmouth, advertised new, improved cast iron plough shares under the patent obtained by R. Ransome[1]

1805 The partnership of Robert and James Ransome of Ipswich, under the firm of Ransome and Son, was dissolved; the business was carried on by Robert Ransome[2]

1809 Robert Ransome senior's son James became a partner in the business in Ipswich, Ransome and Son.

1812 William Cubitt became first chief engineer, a position he held until about 1817.

1818 The company was renamed Ransome and Sons when Robert Junior joined the business.

1821 William Cubitt became a partner

1825 The business became James and Robert Ransome when Robert Senior died. William Cubitt moved to London about this time.

1829 James Allen Ransome the son of James Ransome became a partner and the company was named J. R. and A. Ransome.

1832 produced the first lawn mower under licence from Edwin Budding

1836 Charles May of Ampthill joined Ransome and Sons as a partner[3]

1839 Won a Gold Medal at the 1839 English Agricultural Society Meeting

1841 Were building stationary engines.

1841 May and Ransome invented and then patented the 'trenail' and 'chair' for fastening railway rails.

1842 Exhibited a self-propelled model.

1843 Frederick Ransome left the partnership with James Ransome, Robert Ransome, James Allen Ransome and Charles May as J. R. and A. Ransome[4]

A Mr Leggett, an engineer with the company, designed a printing press known as Leggett's Queen Press, which was manufactured by J. R. & A. Ransome. An example is on display at the Museum of East Anglian Life (see photos). A later version, bearing the name Ransomes and May, was shown at the 1851 Great Exhibition.

See Ransomes and May.

See picture:

* The skittle alley was built by the firm at the back of its foundry in St. Margarets Parish, Ipswich. The road which ran along the front of the foundry is still called Old Foundry Road (1944). In those days beer was beer and only tuppence a pint! We assume that the alley was meant for the benefit of the personnel of the firm, and represents therefore an early example of welfare organisation.[5]

Reminiscences of George Arthur Biddell published by The Engineer[6]

"To touch on Mr. Robert Ransome's history briefly, he was apprenticed to an Ironmonger at Norwich, and soon after his apprenticeship he set up a little brass and iron Foundry in Norwich, as well as being an ironmonger, which however very soon came to grief. He then tried something in Yarmouth, but was again unsuccessful. He was a very persevering man. He came to Ipswich in 1789 and started a foundry in St. Margarets and that was really the commencement of the present concern. It was an iron and brass foundry combined.

Some little time after he started here [Ipswich foundry] an accident occurred through the bursting of a furnace, which gave way and all the molten metal ran out and some of it ran on to some iron plates and cooled rapidly,-of course much more quickly than that which ran on to the sandy ground of the foundry. When the metal had cooled down it was broken up and he observed that wherever it had run on to the iron plates, it had changed its character and the surface which had come immediately in contact with the iron plates was "chilled" and very hard and white in texture for quite a good way into the metal.

Mr. Robert Ransome was a man of great observation and in fact was a natural engineer and the idea struck him that the chilled metal possessed just the qualities for a good plough-share because the lower side being hard and the upper side soft, the friction of the upper soil would form a good cutting edge. Up to that time this class of shares were always made in wrot. iron. This, in the year 1803, is believed to be the first application of "chilling" for any purpose (a patent was granted for the invention). Palliser adopted the principle in his Chilled shot, but before his patent was taken out, I had written to the War Office offering to send them a chilled shot which I had made, but they pooh-poohed the idea as they did Palliser's at first, but at last through influence of friends he succeeded and was handsomely rewarded by the Government, who adopted the principle to some extent. Now, of course, these chilled shots have been superseded by steel entirely. The chilling principle was also applied to Railway Crossings patented by me many years ago,- in one of the fifties,-and worked successfully by the firm of Ransomes and Sims for many years and these held their own until superseded by the steel crossings.

Another application was most important, although somewhat limited. I mean the large Transit Circle, which was made for Greenwich under my direction and through the instructions of Sir George Biddell Airy in 1846. It was only after much perseverance and patience that we were able to get a perfectly true Cylinder " Pivot" 6 X 6, but at last true Cylinders were got to 1/ 30000th part of an inch, as tested by Sir George Biddell Airy and to this day they are as true as they were fifty years ago. The firm not only constructed much of the heavy instrumental work of the Greenwich Observatory, but they made a similar instrument to the above for the Government Observatory at the Cape of Good Hope. Soon after this the Firm made another large instrument for Greenwich called the Great Equatorial Instrument, also under the direction of the late Sir George Biddell Airy.

Previous to that, in the year 1845, there had been made at the Upper Works, under the direction of Mr. Chas. May and Mr. Jones (who was then Assistant Engineer to Mr. May), an Altazimuth instrument, designed by Sir George Biddell Airy, by which an observation could be taken of the altitude of a star and also the angle of a star in respect to the horizon. This was the first instrument of its kind made, but it has been improved upon latterly. Read More

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Norfolk Chronicle 3 Nov 1804
  2. London Gazette 9 March 1805
  3. Charles May's Obituary Institution of Civil Engineers Minutes of the Proceedings
  4. London Gazette 5 January 1844
  5. The Engineer 1944/05/19
  6. The Engineer 1944