Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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R. Hoe and Co

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1876. Continuous Web Printing Press at The 1876 Philadelphia Exhibition.
1877.
1877. Continuous web printing and folding machine.

Robert Hoe and Co

of Borough Road, London and Tudor Street, Blackfriars, London [1] and New York, USA.

A New York and London based printing press manufacturer established by Peter Smith, Matthew Smith (?–1822), and their brother-in-law, English emigrant Robert Hoe (1784-1833).

1805 company originally set up as Smith, Hoe and Co.[2]

1822 Company founded as R. Hoe and Co.

1839 In the USA, Hoe & Co bought their first planing machine, from Nasmyth, Gaskell and Co. He bought larger planers from Edward Bancroft in 1843 and 1845. He then bought machine tools from the Novelty Iron Works of NY, before turning to Joseph Whitworth and Co for machine tools, gauges, and a standard yard, and machine tools from the Freeland Tool Works.[3]

Hoe & Co bought their first gear cutting machine from Joseph Whitworth and Co. It was still in use in 1913 for cutting worm wheels having angular teeth, but most gear machining in the works had been taken over by Freeland machines. [4]

1858 Hoe bench micrometer in New York[5]

1914 Printing machinery manufacturers. Specialities: rotary web newspaper perfecting presses, book, magazine and pamphlet rotary perfecting presses, rotary off-set presses, flatbed letterpress and lithographic presses, electrotyping and stereotyping machinery. [6]

1920 R. Hoe and Crabtree formed, presumably with R. W. Crabtree and Sons

1926 March 5th - As the 900 strikers at Messrs. Hoe's printing machinery works in London had not returned to work, lock-out notices were posted in all the works throughout the country attached to the Engineering and Allied Employers' National Federation. The notices applied to the seven unions to which the strikers at Messrs. Hoe's works belonged, and affected some 400,000 men all told.[7]

1938 Private company.

1961 Manufacturers of newspaper presses and ancillary equipment, serving world-wide markets. 500 employees. [8]


1920s-1950s Collection of ca.900 photographs of printing machinery, chiefly presses, made by R. Hoe and Co, R. Hoe and Crabtree Ltd, R. W. Crabtree and Sons Ltd. [9]

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Engineer 1877/03/30
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._Hoe_%26_Company
  3. [1] Structures of Change in the Mechanical Age: Technological Innovation in the United States 1790-1865 by Ross Thomson, 2009 Johns Hopkins University Press
  4. [2] Machinery, Sept 1913
  5. [3] American Machinist, 1913, Vol 39, p.482
  6. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  7. The Engineer 1926/03/12
  8. 1961 Dun and Bradstreet KBE
  9. [4] National Archives: Accessions to Repositories