Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,434 pages of information and 233,876 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Pope Manufacturing Co

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1897. The Columbia Electric Motor Carriage.
1897. Rubber drying room.
1897. Processing rubber cloth.
1897. Interior of Draw-Bench Shop.
1897. Double-Acting Hydraulic Tube Press.
1897. Double-Acting Hydraulic Tube Press.
1897. Frame Testing Machine.
1897. Wheel Testing Machine.
1897. Emery 50-Ton Testing Machine.
1897. Upper Run of Coal Conveyor.
1897. Automatic Furnace Charging Plant; Receiver and Buckets.
1897. Automatic Furnace Charging Plant and Fan.
1897. Annealing Furnaces.
1897. Billets and Finished Tubes.

Pope Manufacturing Company was started by Albert Augustus Pope in Hartford, CT.

The company began with the introduction of the "Columbia" High wheeler in 1878. Pope bought Pierre Lallement's original patent for the bicycle, and aggressively bought all other bicycle patents he could find, amassing a fortune by restricting the types of bicycles other American manufacturers could make and charging them royalties. He used the latest technologies in his bicycles — inventions such as ball bearings in all moving parts, and hollow steel tubes for the frame, and he spent a great deal of money promoting bicycle clubs, journals, and races. Until 1896, Pope was the leading US producer of bicycles.

Pope Manufacturing was an innovator in the use of stamping for the production of metal parts.

Hiram Percy Maxim was head engineer of the Motor Vehicle Department.

In 1897 the UK agent was Markt and Co

In 1897, Pope Manufacturing began production of an electric vehicle.

By 1899, the company had produced over 500 vehicles. The Electric Vehicle division was spun off that year as the independent company Columbia Automobile Company but it was acquired by the Electric Vehicle Company by the end of the year.

1899 Details of the Columbia motor carrier.[1]

Pope tried to re-enter the automobile manufacturing market in 1901, by acquiring a number of small firms, but the process was expensive and competition in the industry was heating up.

see Pope Motor Car Co

Pope declared bankruptcy in 1907 and abandoned the automobile industry in 1915.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Autocar 1899/04/08