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Pierre Fardoil was an ingenious French maker of scientific instruments and small precision machine tools
Fardoil may have been the first person in France to produce a gear wheel cutting machine. He has also been credited as being one of the first, if not the first, to use an endless screw to operate a tool carriage. This was on a 1715 fusee-cutting machine.. In fact an earlier example of a machine with a screw-traversed tool holder was described by Plumier ('Machine à manche a couteaux d’Angleterre' - see Early Planing Machines).
The Musée des Arts et Metiers have several other small Fardoil machines on display, including two sophisticated file-cutting machines dated at c.1700 (Inv. Nos. 1217 & 1220), and these machines:-