Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,112 pages of information and 233,645 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Oxford Canal

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1961. Near Fenny Compton Wharf
1961. Shipton-on-Cherwell.
1961. Isis Lock, Oxford.
1961. Napton Junction.
1961. Shipton Weir Lock.
1961. Drawbridge at Thrupp.
1961. The Oxford-Coventry Canal junction.
1961. At Newbold, a tunnel through which the Oxford Canal once ran.
1961. Oxford Canal near Brinklow.

The Oxford canal was one of the earliest to be constructed in England. It was authorised in 1769, so the Oxford Canal Navigation Co was formed [1], and to be overseen by James Brindley.

Brindley was already building the Trent and Mersey Canal and had built the Bridgewater Canal, and now the Oxford Canal and the Coventry Canal were being asked of him. Sadly Brindley died when only about 16 miles from the Hawkesbury end had been cut. However, his assistant Samuel Simcock took over and the Oxford Canal reached Napton in 1775 and Banbury in 1778. In 1790, the rivers Trent, Mersey and Thames were joined.

The old tunnel at Fenny Compton was altered in 1868 to avoid a total rebuild.

In 1937 the basin and wharf at Oxford were bought by Lord Nuffield, and Nuffield college has since been built on the filled-in site. The canal ends at a brick built dam above Hythe bridge.[2]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  2. British Waterways, 6 Oxford Canal