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The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British, finally completed in 1908. The railway is operated by the Southern Railway and is the only rack railway in India.
1882 First detailed estimates prepared by Niklaus Riggenbach
Richard Wooly advanced some of the capital in return for the contract to construct the line. He was later the first Agent and manager
1885 Formation of the Nilgiri Railway Co
1894 'The first train on the Nilgiri Railway has been successfully run from Metapollium over the Bowani Bridge and as far as Kullar, the foot of the ghaut, in the presence of Mr. Weightman, the chief engineer, and other officials of the Nilgiri and Madras Railways. ...'
1903 Line purchased by the government