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British Industrial History

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New Hudson

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Advertising sign.
Advertising sign.
Advertising sign.
December 1912
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December 1919.
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February 1922. 10 hp Light car and a sidecar combination.
May 1923.
August 1923. C. F. Davey.
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1926. 350cc. Reg No: EP 3779.
1929. 350cc. Reg No: UT 1553.
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1932. Bronze Wing. Exhibit at National Motor Museum, Australia.
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1934. Exhibit at the Museum of Lincolnshire Life.
November 1935. Cyclone
November 1935. Programme for 1936.
1 April 1936 Advert from CyclingMagazine.
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Reg No: EU 2327.
Reg No: EU 2327.
Reg No: EU 2327.
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May 1952.
November 1955. Race Rider cycle.

of Summer Hill Street, Icknield Street and Goodman Street, Birmingham.

New Hudson motorcycles were produced from 1903 to 1933, and from 1940 to 1958

1890 Hudson Bicycles may have been a precursor company

1896 New Hudson Cycle Co registered.

1903 The first motorcycle was produced. It was an early primitive fitted with a De Dion engine. At that time the firm was based in Icknield Street, Birmingham, but they soon left the powered market.

1910 Late that year the company returned to making motorcycles, this time in Summer Hill Street. They listed two models of conventional design, fitted with 2.5hp or 3.5hp JAP engines, belt drive, Druid forks and with various transmission options.

1911 They added their own 3.5hp engine.

1912 New Hudson 3-speed motorcycles fitted with Armstrong gears[1]

1913 The bicycle part of the business was steady; the great increase in recent years had occurred in the motorcycle part of the business. Rights issue of new shares[2]

1913 The JAP engines were dropped; instead used their own 2.75hp motor.

1913-1917 For a list of the models and prices of motorcycles see the 1917 Red Book

1913-1917 For a list of the models and prices of Cars see the 1917 Red Book

1914 Order for 10 motorcycles with sidecars for experiment on rural deliveries of post[3]

1914 A 6hp V-twin appeared, plus a 211cc two-stroke lightweight. This and the 3.5hp single ran on until 1916.

1920 Last quotation for New Hudson Cycle Co on London Stock Exchange; a new company was presumably formed as New Hudson Ltd which reported its results in October[4]

Post-WWI. Only the two-stroke engine was listed.

1922 A 594cc four-stroke single appeared.

1923 The two-strokes were stopped, but 346cc and 296cc models appeared.

1924 A 346cc ohv model appeared.

1926 Models of 490cc and 594cc were listed, with sporting names.

1927 A New Hudson came second in the Senior TT and records were set at Brooklands.

1929 A 249cc sv model, known as the Ixion, was sold at a reduced price in order to clear stocks.

1929 the company purchased the Girling brake patent from the inventor Albert Girling, to supply brake systems to Ford, Austin, Rover and Riley

1931 The range was revised so that engines were inclined with partial enclosure.

1932 The 'Depression' years were hard for all concerned. The inclined engines had had their heyday, enclosure was not popular and the new engines had problems.

1933 Having hit a low spot, the company ceased the production of motorcycles and concentrated on making Girling brakes.

1939 Maker of bicycles, motorcycles, etc[5].

1940 The name of New Hudson reappeared on an autocycle powered by a 98cc Villiers engine.

1943 The Girling interests were sold to Lucas and the company went back to bicycles making a range of autocycles or lightweight motorcycles - see New Hudson Auto-Cycles.

c.1946 Acquired by BSA[6]. Autocycle continued until the end of the decade.

1948 The New Hudson was one of the cheapest autocycles available - priced at £48 17s 11d [£48.90] for that year.

1949 The autocycle was revised to use the Villiers 99cc 2F unit, and continued for several years.

1956 During that year the machine was completely restyled and ran on in that form.

1958 Production came to a close.

Details of models

In 1930, the Ixion name re-surfaced when New Hudson failed to sell a large batch of 249cc sv models that had been produced to capitalize on public interest. The BSA Round Tank had been so successful that there were, by 1929, too many others on the market, many of which lacked the staying-power of the BSA

By changing the name to Ixion, New Hudson were able to slash the price of the motorcycles in order to clear stocks.

The company also used the name for engines sold to other firms, both at home and abroad, including the Swedish Rex.

Note: In all, about 24,000 New Hudson autocycles were produced: 5,000 JDL machines, 14,000 of the earlier 2F design and 5,000 “Re-styled models”. New Hudson put their frame numbers on the left-hand rear fork end and each model had its own prefix: MC for the JDL, ZE for the 2F and N for the “Re-styled”.

1921 The Olympia Show report describes the light two-stroke model as follows: 'Notable on account of their fine finish and general excellence of design the New Hudson two-stroke motorcycles exhibited on this stand are sure to attract attention. The little 62 mm by 70 mm engine is well known as a giant in performance, and the ratios of the two speed gearbox , 5 and 9 to 1, give a satisfactory road speed with tremendous hill-climbing powers.(…) The riding position is very comfortable, and the saddle is but 25 ins. from the ground, to which desirable end the low built frame and 24 in. wheels are contributory factors. The tank is tastefully finished in brown and has a capacity for 1 ¾ gallons of petrol and 3 pints of oil; as the petrol consumption is in the neighbourhood of 100 m.p.g., it will be realized that a full day’s riding can be accomplished on one tankful of spirit.'

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Times Oct 02, 1912
  2. The Times, Nov 22, 1913
  3. The Times, Apr 27, 1914
  4. The Times, Oct 09, 1920
  5. The Times, Nov 02, 1939
  6. The Times, Feb 05, 1947
  • [1] Wikipedia
  • Miller’s Price Guide to Classic Motorcycles
  • The British Motorcycle Directory - Over 1,100 Marques from 1888 - by Roy Bacon and Ken Hallworth. Pub: The Crowood Press 2004 ISBN 1 86126 674 X
  • [2] Ian Chadwick's motorcycle web site
  • [3] Yesterday's Antique Motorcycles web site
  • [4] Autocycle ABC - The Moped Archive web site