Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Nantyglo Ironworks

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1792 The Nantyglo Ironworks were built between 1792 and 1794 by Thomas Hill of Blaenavon in association with Harford, Partridge and Co of Bristol[1].

1796 Financial disagreements between the partners led to the closure of the Nantyglo Ironworks.

1802 The works restarted when Hill returned with different partners[2]

1811 Matthew Wayne, one time finance manager for Richard Crawshay, became a partner with Joseph Bailey to purchase the iron-works at Nant-y-glo. Nant-y-glo had natural advantages but had been stopped for many years. The partners soon had the works restored. By the end of the year they were loading their pig-iron into barges on the Monmouthshire Canal.

1816 Even during this year, the year after the end of the Napoleonic wars when there was a general slump in iron manufacture, Nant-y-glo was the only iron-works which increased its production.

1820 Wayne retired from the partnership. Crawshay Bailey joined his brother Joseph in the partnership. The two brothers soon made Nant-y-glo one of the great iron-works of the kingdom.

1823 Five blast furnaces were in operation

1824 Nantyglo was producing 16,000 tons per annum[3]

1826-7 Two more blast furnaces were added.

1833 Crawshay and Joseph Bailey acquired Beaufort Ironworks and used it to supply pig iron to the new rolling mills at Nantyglo.

1844 J and C Bailey were proprietors of Nant-y-glo Works[4]

1845 Crawshay Bailey left his nephew in charge of the Nant-y-glo and Beaufort works.

1871 Crawshay Bailey sold the iron works at Nantyglo and Beaufort for £300,000[5] to the Blaina Iron and Coal Co Ltd[6]. A new company was registered - Nantyglo and Blaina Ironworks Co.

By 1874 The out-of-date Nantyglo and Beaufort works had both been closed

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Roundhouse Farm, Nantyglo [1]
  2. Biography of the Harford family, ODNB
  3. The Times, 23 October 1824
  4. Pigot & Co.'s Directory of Berks, Bucks ... , 1844. [Part 2: Hants to Wilts, & Wales]
  5. Early Industrial Development [2]
  6. Gwent local history, 80 Spring 1996: The Crawshay Bailey Estate [3]
  • Welsh Biography Online [4]