Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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N. S. Heineken

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Rev. Nicholas Samuel Heineken of Sidmouth

Born c.1796. Died c.1881

Married Emma Catherine, daughter of Rev. Matthew Lee Yeates. She died on 12th Nov 1831, age 24. [1]

Heineken was an amateur scientist, inventor and antiquarian, with a broad range of interests, which included archaeology, astronomy, meteorology, and mechanics.

Heineken made a sophisticated ornamental turning late (rose engine, or medallion lathe). In c.1955 it came to light at a farm sale, and was featured in an article in the Model Engineer. Its headstock was marked 'N. S. Heineken, fecit 1832'. A hand tool, used for screwcutting, was marked 'N. S. Heineken, Fect. et Invt. 1825'.[2]

The lathe was described in the Polytechnisches Journal in 1836, the article being based on one from the Mechanics' Magazine, No. 674.[3]

Heineken was a frequent correspondent to technical journals. In one letter in 1836 he described his 'Machine for cutting correct screws'[4]. A similar item appears in a photograph in the Model Engineer article, and is no doubt the 1825 tool referred to.

Heineken presented a historically important mural quadrant made by Abraham Sharp to the Royal Observatory. 'The rim is of brass, and when rescued by Mr. Heineken from a tinman was about to be transformed into kettles'.[5]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] 'A History of the Presbyterian and General Baptist Churches in the West of England' by Sir Jerom Murch, 1835
  2. The Model Engineer, 20 October 1955, article 'Is This Lathe Unique' by W. J. Hughes
  3. [2] Polytechnisches Journal, 1836: 'Beschreibung einer Art von Drehbank zur Verfertigung von Medaillen. Von Hrn. N. S. Heineken in Sidmouth im Devonshire'
  4. [3] The Mechanics' Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal, and Gazette, Volume 25, p.377: Letter from Heineken describing and illustrating his 'Machine for cutting correct screws'.
  5. [4] 'Notes on some Historical Instruments at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich' by T. Lewis. Journal: The Observatory, Vol. 13, p. 200-206 (1890)