Lens grinding lathe by Andrea Frati, 2nd half of 18thC.
Hydraulic pump, invented c. 1785 by Carlo Castelli, who called it a ventilatore idraulico. Made in the workshop of the Museo di Fisica e Storia Naturale of Florence between 1793 and 1794. For more information, see here
Closer view of Castelli pump, showing fine workmanship
Museo Galileo - Institute and Museum of the History of Science, Florence, Italy
Galileo Museum website
Flash photography is not allowed in the museum, but good photographs and information are available via the museum website and on the Epact website.
Sources of Information