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This was a 107-mile long canal across northern New Jersey. To address the problem of a total elevation change of more than 900 feet, a system of water-driven inclined planes was introduced.
The Morris Canal planes later inspired the design of the Elbląg Canal (Poland), which has been restored to operation.
Started in 1829, with Ephraim Beach as chief engineer. David Bates Douglass became chief engineer for the inclined planes.
Abandoned in 1924.
For more information, see Wikipedia entry.