Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,481 pages of information and 233,901 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.


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Monument to Pierre and Ernest Michaux. From 'Bartleet's Bicycle Book'.
1868. Michaux Velocipede identical to the one bought from Paris by Rowley B. Turner. From 'Bartleet's Bicycle Book' No. 2.

No. 2. French Michaux Velocipede, identical with the machine brought to England by Rowley B. Turner in November, 1868. 36 inch front wheel, 32 inch back: iron tyres; weight 59 lbs; spoon brake on rear wheel tyre operated by twisting a cord round the handlebar; leg-rest for use when "coasting" down hill; wheels of natural wood, varnished, not painted; name-plate on rear spring "Cie Parisienne," the name under which les Freres Olivier traded after they had purchased the business of the original Maison Michaux.

Note the oiler inside the front fork, from which lubricant could trickle to the wheel bearing. This exhibit was purchased from Mr. Arthur Markham, who for many years carried on a cycle business at 345 Edgware Road, London, and who claimed to have won the first bicycle race ever held in England; this was run in a field near the Welsh Harp, Hendon, on Whit Monday, 1868 (before R. B. Turner came to England) the prize being a silver cup presented by a Mr. Warner, landlord of the Welsh Harp Hotel[1].

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