Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 142,438 pages of information and 227,858 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
Preceded by the Metropolitan Commission of Sewers
1855 The sixth Commission of Sewers for London was established but still there seemed no end to the dilemma of London's waste
An Act of Parliament was passed which put an end to all Commissions by creating the Metropolitan Board of Works.
1856 Championed by fellow engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Joseph Bazalgette was appointed chief engineer of the Board of Works, a post he retained until the Board was abolished and replaced by the London County Council in 1889.
1856 Two commissions were appointed:
1858 - the year of the "Great Stink" - Parliament passed an enabling act, in spite of the colossal expense of the project, and Bazalgette's proposals to revolutionise London's sewerage system began to be implemented. The expectation was that enclosed sewers would eliminate the stink, and that this would then reduce the incidence of cholera.
1865 The system was opened by Edward, Prince of Wales, although the whole project was not actually completed for another ten years.
The scheme involved major pumping stations at Deptford (1864) and at Crossness (1865) on the Erith marshes, on the south side of the Thames, and at Abbey Mills (in the River Lea valley, 1868) and on the Chelsea Embankment (close to Grosvenor Bridge; 1875), north of the river.
1889 The Board was abolished and replaced by the London County Council; Bazalgette retired from the post he had held since the Board was established.