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The Madras Railway (1845-1908) was a pioneer in railways in southern India.
1853 Madras Railway Company, registered in Chennai (Royapuram) began work. It had as its objective, connection of Chennai on the east coast with the west coast, as also linking up with Bengaluru and the Nilgiris, and to link up with the line from Mumbai.
1862 The link with the west coast was first established with a line to Beypore, which served as the western terminus of Madras Railway.
1888 The western terminus was shifted to Calicut - now known as Khozikode
1871 An extension up to Raichur was linked with an extension of Great Indian Peninsula Railway from Kalyan to Raichur, thereby establishing Chennai-Mumbai link
1899 The Chennai-Vijayawada link was established enabling the way for opening of the Howrah-Chennai main line
1901 The southern part of the East Coast State Railway (from Waltair to Vijayawada) was taken over