Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 142,062 pages of information and 227,774 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Lowca Foundry

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1763 The Lowca Foundry was established to make cannon for local merchant ships[1], presumably by Thomas Heslop

c.1790 Whilst working in Shropshire, Adam Heslop invented a form of atmospheric engine which competed with the Watt engine for many years in the North of England. The engine had a "hot" (i.e. above atmospheric pressure) cylinder at one end of the beam and a condensing cylinder at the other[2]. Several winding engines were built in Northumberland and Cumberland[3] Received support from his employer William Reynolds[4]

1790 Heslop patented the winding engine

c.1795 Heslop and Milward built an engine at Seaton Iron Works, Workington, for the Kells Pit[5]


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Cumbria Coastal Way, by Ian Brodie, Krysia Brodie
  2. The pre-Natal history of the Steam Engine, in Clerks and Craftsmen in China and the West by Joseph Needham
  3. The Coal Industry of the Eighteenth Century, by Thomas Southcliffe Ashton, Joseph Sykes
  4. Archaeology and conservation in Ironbridge, by Richard Hayman, Wendy Horton, Shelley White, Council for British Archaeology, 1999
  5. Whitehaven - a short history by Daniel Hay, ‎Whitehaven, 1966