Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,173 pages of information and 245,641 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

London, Brighton and South Coast Railway

From Graces Guide
April 1893.
Latest locomotive. Picture published in 1894.
1897. The locomotive 'Hackworth'.
1903. Balham to Croydon Widening.
1903. New bridges.
1905. No. 1 built by Beyer, Peacock and Co.


Atlantic Type Locomotive. 1906.
July 1908.
1909. Electric train.
1909. First-class smoking department.
1909. Third-class carriage.
1909. 'Grosvenor', one of the coaches of the Southern Belle Express.
1909. 'Alberta', one of the cars interiors of the coach 'Grosvenor'.
1909. Motor train on the Epson Down branch.
August 1911.
September 1913.
May 1917.
January 1918.
January 1918.
January 1918.
February 1918.

of London Bridge Railway Station, London.

See Brighton Works

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SC Railway) (commonly known as "The Brighton line"), was a railway company in the United Kingdom from 1846 to 1923. [1]

Its territory formed a rough triangle, with London at its apex and practically the whole coastline of Sussex as its base. It was bounded on its western side by the lines of the London and South Western Railway; on its eastern by the South Eastern Railway (later the South Eastern and Chatham Railway). It supplied the most direct routes to the South Coast seaside resorts of Brighton, Eastbourne and Worthing among many others. At the London end was a complicated suburban and outer-suburban network of lines.

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) was formed by Act of Parliament on 27 July 1846, through the amalgamation of a number of pre-existing railway companies.

These were:

1846 The company was incorporated.

1849 The South Eastern Railway and the LB&SCR agreed on access to London, something which had been a source of friction between the companies. The SER obtained access over the "Croydon" lines to Corbett's Lane junction with the London and Greenwich Railway.

1858 The Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway was sanctioned, to connect from the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway near the Battersea terminus and cross the river to the new station at Victoria Street, Pimlico. The LB&SCR subscribed half of the capital and was entitled to half of the new station.

1860 The line into Victoria was opened.

1868 Resident Engineer is Frederick Dale Banister.[2]

1875 See 1875 Number of Locomotives, The Portsmouth Waterside Extension Railway.[3].

1888 See Locomotive Stock June 1888

1889 Resident Engineer is Frederick D. Banister. Loco Supt is W. Stroudley.[4]

1908 The company owns 431 miles of road (track), and jointly with others, 38 miles more. [5]

1909 The London Brighton and South Coast Railway introduced an electrification system using AEG as the electrical contractor with power supplied by the local authority. Following testing on the South London line in 1909 public services commenced there and to Crystal Palace by 1911. A high voltage distribution system of 25Hz at 6666.66V was used.[6]. The carriages for the electrified service were built by Metropolitan Amalgamated Railway Carriage and Wagon Co

1920 Article on the LBSCR Brighton and Lancing Works in War Time in The Engineer. [7]

1923 Became part of the Southern Railway

1924 It was reported that the electrification proposal for the Brighton line had been abandoned[8]

1925 Electrification at 6kV was extended from Balham to Coulsdon North and to Sutton via Selhurst.

However, the Southern Railway subsequently decided that the AC system was "non-standard" and should be discontinued. The AC electric trains on the South London line were replaced by DC trains in 1928, and those on the Crystal Palace (Low Level) line in 1929. The last overhead-wire AC electric train left Victoria for Coulsdon North on 22 September 1929.[9]

Locomotive Superintendents

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] Wikipedia
  2. 1868 Bradshaw's Railway Manual
  3. The Engineer 1876/10/06
  4. 1889 Bradshaw's Railway Manual
  5. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  6. [2] Southern Railway
  7. The Engineer 1920/06/04 p568 & p578
  8. The Engineer 1924/03/21
  9. [3] LBSCR electrification