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British Industrial History

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Lockhart Matthew St. Clair

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Lockhart Matthew St. Clair (1855- )

1922 C.I.E., O.B.E., M.Inst.C.E., Water Supply and Buildings and Roads Engineer, "Derriana," Mayfield Road, Sutton, Surrey. T. A.: "St. Clair, 731 Sutton." T. N.: Sutton 731. b. July 25, 1855 fourth s. of 4th Baron Sinclair. Ed. Wellington College, 1869-73, and the Royal Indian Engineering College, Coopers Hill, 1873-6. Joined the Indian Publ Works Department, Roads and Buildings Branch, October 1, 1876. Served as Assistant Engineer in the Saugor Road, Nagpur and Jubbulpur Divisions, and as Executive Engineer-in-Charge of Nagpur and Jubbulpur Divisions, 1881-5. Jointly responsible with J. N. Glass, C.I.E., for design and execution of the Jubbulpur Waterworks Project. Simla Imperial Circle, 1885-9; assisted in the design and construction of the New Imperial Government Buildings at Simla as personal assistant to the Superintendent of Works, and then in sole charge of the building of the new Viceregal Palace, cost of which was Rs. 15,00,000. Received thanks of Indian Government and an Autograph Letter and Memento from the Viceroy (the Marquess of Dufferin) for his work, on the completion of the building. Services lent by the Government of India to the Nepal Government as State Engineer, 1889-92; designed and constructed the Khatmandu Waterworks (population 70,000 ). Received thanks of Nepal and Imperial Governments. Executive Engineer, Lower Assam, 1894-5; prepared projects for Waterworks at Tura and Drainage for Dhubri. Executive Engineer, Hoshungabad Division, Central Provinces, 1895-7; prepared final project for, and constructed the Khundwa Waterworks and prepared project for the Harda Waterworks. Under-Secretary to the Government, Central Provinces, in the Public Works Department, 1897-9. In charge Nagpur Division Buildings, Roads, Waterworks and Famine Relief Works, October, 1899, to March, r9co. Superintendent of Works for all works, eight Southern Districts of the Central Provinces, with sole control of Public Works Department Relief Works, also charge of four waterworks, viz., Nagpur, Raipur, Bilaspur and Hinganghat. The Famine Relief Works embraced roads, railway and irrigation works. There were 214 separate relief camps employing an average of 535;000 persons daily and for a time a maximum of 898,000 persons daily. The total expenditure under the control of the Superintendent was Rs. 139,50,000. In November, 1900, appointed Superintending Engineer and Secretary to the Government Central Provinces in the Public Works Department. As such had professional responsibility for and administrative control of all public works in the Provinces, including roads, buildings, waterworks, railways, mines, irrigation works, relief works, etc. Received thanks of the Government of India and the Honour of Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire from H.M. The King Emperor, 1902. Retired from the Public Service, 1904. Devoted his time to travel, sport and scientific pursuits up to the outbreak of war. Member of the Junior Carlton and Royal Automobile Clubs. War Services.—Joined the Metropolitan Special Constabulary, August 17, 1914. Chief Inspector of the Sutton Sub-Division, including at that time Wallington, Carshalton and Banstead. Assistant Commander, September 9, 1914; Acting Commander of the " W " Division, October 11, 1914, which post he has since held. Created C.I.E., June, 1902; M.B.E., January, 1918; O.B.E., January, 1919.

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