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Malt whisky distillers, Langholm
1765 The distillery was one of the earliest to be built in Scotland, on a rocky situation on the banks of the River Esk. Towards the end of the century it was converted to a paper mill.
1826 By now the distillery had resumed its original purpose under Arnot and Co. John Arnot and James Kennedy were partners but faced sequestration in that year.
1837 The Langholm Distillery Co had James Kennedy as its acting manager, shortly before he established the Glentarras Distillery nearby. The business was hereafter run by John Connell and his son Arthur.
At the time of Alfred Barnard's visit, annual output was 46,000 gallons. A certain quantity of that annual production was the highly unusual Birch Whisky, made to a secret formula.
1918 Arthur Connell died and production did not resume post-war, with machinery from the distillery offered for sale in 1919 and the distillery buildings themselves in 1922.