Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 150,667 pages of information and 235,204 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Karl Von Linde

From Graces Guide

(11 June 1842 – 16 November 1934).

Professor Dr. Karl von Linde of Munich was a German engineer who developed refrigeration and gas separation technologies. [1]

1842 Born son of Friedrich Linde, a Lutheran minister, and his wife Helene (nee Grimm)

Studied at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology but was expelled for participation in student protests.

Worked for several years as an engineer before joining the faculty at Berlin Technical University. While teaching there he was approached by a friend who worked at a brewery, who asked Linde to develop a reliable system of refrigeration. This became the work that dominated the rest of Linde's life.

1873 invented the first portable compressor refrigerator, using methyl ether refrigerant

1876 he designed a more reliable system, the first practical ammonia-compressor driven refrigerator.

1878 he established the Society for Lindes Ice Machines, now Linde AG

1885 Established Linde British Refrigeration Co.

1894 he developed a process using the Joule-Thomson effect to liquefy gases

1896 Produced liquid air in mass quantities.

1902 he and his staff at Linde AG developed a system that separates liquid oxygen and nitrogen from liquefied air.

1934 died.


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