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Josias Christopher Gamble (1776–1848)
1776 Born on a farm near Enniskillen, of a Scottish family who had been forced to move to Ireland
Attended Glasgow University, where he developed an enthusiasm for chemistry, especially bleaching, which he used to help flax farmers bleach their product.
1797 Graduated M.A.
1799 Ordained minister of the church in Enniskillen
1804 Moved to Belfast
Later he left the church and moved to Dublin; he set up a small works to make bleach according to Tennant's 1809 patent.
1815 Moved his works to a new site where he made his own supplies of sulphuric acid.
c.1820 Married Hannah Gower
1828 Gamble moved to Liverpool, following his acquaintance James Muspratt who had perceived the advantages of operating his business in Lancashire.
Gamble and Muspratt built a factory at St Helens
1830 Muspratt left to establish his Newton works, leaving Gamble on his own.
1835 Bought a bankrupt chemical plant at St Helens with Joseph and James Crosfield, soap boilers of Warrington, forming Gamble and Crosfields. Their younger brother, Simon Crosfield, joined the following year.
The various chemical works in St Helens produced much acidic emissions which affected local agricultural interests who took legal action against the companies. Joseph Crosfield took action to make use of William Gossage's patented condensing process to clean up the emissions but this annoyed Gamble, who had not agreed on this course of action, so Crosfield left.
1840 Gamble acquired an interest in an alum works at Gerard's Bridge in partnership with Marsden; this later became Jos. C. Gamble and Son, involving all 4 of his sons.
1845 The partnership with the Crosfields was dissolved and they formed a new business.
1848 Gamble died at home in St Helen's. His son, David Gamble, inherited the business.