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British Industrial History

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John Macmillan Dunlop

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John Macmillan Dunlop (1818-1878), Engineer, of Manchester, and a Director of a variety of limited companies including the Western Australia Cotton Co[1], the Parkgate Iron Co[2], Hooper's Telegraph Works[3], Sidmouth Railway Co[4], the British and Foreign Tramways Co[5], the Bessemer Saloon Steamboat Co[6], Wayne's Merthyr Steam Coal and Iron Co[7].

1818 Born in Huddersfield, son of Robert Dunlop, a wool merchant, and his wife Jess[8]

Went into partnership with Richard Birley, Thomas Hornby Birley the younger, Duncan Matheson as cotton spinners, and also as engineers and machine makers, as J. M. Dunlop and Co, makers of india rubber and cotton machinery

1857 Joined I Mech E; of Marlborough Street, Oxford Street, Manchester.[9]

1858 Partnership dissolved between Richard Birley and John M Dunlop, Manchester, cotton spinners and machine makers[10] - the Cotton Spinners and Manufacturers were under the style or firm of Richard Birley and Co, and the Engineers and Machine Makers, under the style or firm of J. M. Dunlop and Co.[11]

1861 An engineer living in Chorlton upon Medlock with Ellen Ade Dunlop 30, Robert M Dunlop 4[12]

1862 Reference to the Indian Churka cotton gin being improved by John Dunlop and by Platt Brothers and Co (separately) and exhibited at the British Association meeting. The machines were described as 'wonderful improvements on the old churka. He noticed the destruction of fibre and the waste occasioned by the American saw gins.' Dunlop's roller gin had been influenced by the American Macarthey gin.[13]. See also John M. Dunlop and Co for discussion of Dunlop's roller gin.

1867 John Macmillan Dunlop, of Hole Hird, in the county of Westmoreland, Esq., leased to Francis William Crossley and William John Crossley, both of the city of Manchester, Engineers and Machine Makers, the machine making works, buildings, and land situate in Great Marlborough-street, in Manchester, and all and every steam engine, steam boiler, main gearing, gas and other apparatus, fixed machinery, fixed tools, and other fixtures ... the said works and premises.[14]

1867 Advert: 'To Wallers, Contractors, and others. PERSONS desirous of Contracting for the several Works required in the Erection of a HOUSE at HOLEHIRD, WINDERMERE, for John M. Dunlop, Esq., may see the Drawings and Specifications at the present house there on and after Friday, the 13th September next, and until the end of the month, between the hours of Ten a.m. and Five p.m. Sealed Tenders to be sent to the Architect, Mr. Crowther, No. 28, Brazen Nose Street, Manchester, on or before October 1st, 1867. It is to be distinctly understood that the lowest Tender will not necessarily be accepted'.[15]

c.1867 His wife died

1871 Landowner, living in Appelthwaite, Westmorland, with Robert M Dunlop 13, Arthur B Dunlop 9, John M Dunlop 8, Colin B Dunlop 6[16]

1878 Died in Kendal



1879 Obituary [17]

JOHN MACMILLAN DUNLOP was born at Huddersfield in 1818.

In the early part of his life he was engaged in engineering at Manchester under the late Mr. Bodmer, and afterwards started business there as a machinist. During his business career he introduced several inventions in india-rubber machinery.

About 1866 he removed to Holehird, Windermere, where he died on 24th August 1878, at the age of sixty.

He became a Member of the Institution in 1857.


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 30 August 1862,
  2. Sheffield Daily Telegraph - Thursday 09 July 1868
  3. Morning Post - Tuesday 15 February 1870
  4. Western Times, 3 October 1871
  5. Leeds Mercury - Wednesday 24 May 1871
  6. The Graphic - Saturday 7 December 1872
  7. Pall Mall Gazette - Saturday 31 January 1874
  8. West Yorkshire, England, Births and Baptisms
  9. 1857 Institution of Mechanical Engineers
  10. Gore's Liverpool General Advertiser - Thursday 16 September 1858
  11. London Gazette 7 Sept 1858
  12. 1861 census
  13. The Practical Mechanic's Journal, February 1862
  14. The London Gazette 9 August 1867
  15. Westmorland Gazette - Saturday 31 August 1867
  16. 1871 census
  17. 1879 Institution of Mechanical Engineers: Obituaries