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British Industrial History

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John Bradley and Co

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1938.
1940.
May 1950.
1960

of Stourbridge Iron Works.

1802 Company established by John Bradley (1769 -1816) who became managing partner; finance was provided by Thomas Jukes Collier (1761-1845) and the trustees of his stepfather, Henry Foster (1743-1793), each with a third share in the company[1].

The company set up a forge, steam engine and mills. Initially it converted pig iron into wrought iron plates and rods for local industry. Expansion was rapid and leases were secured on further forges and land.

1802 Steam engine installed in the iron foundry by Fenton, Murray and Wood

1813 the Stourbridge Iron Works obtained a contract to purchase the entire production of pig iron from New Hadley Furnaces for seven years at a guaranteed price

1816 John Bradley died[2].

1818 James Foster (1786-1853), son of Henry Foster and half-brother of John Bradley, oversaw the construction of two new blast furnaces, thereby controlling all stages of iron production.

1819 Foster went into partnership with John Urpeth Rastrick in 1819 to expand Bradley's involvement in machinery production. Rastrick was the resident managing engineer of a new company, Foster, Rastrick and Co, built alongside the Stourbridge Iron Works.

1821 A new foundry was built to cope with the expansion of the business. The company produced bedsteads, cooking plates, wheels and tools, rails and railway sleepers.

1827 James Foster and Henry Bradley became co-partners in the trade of ironmasters, under the name of John Bradley and Co[3].

1828 Coal Masters, and Iron Master, of Stourbridge Iron Works[4].

1831 Foster, Rastrick and Co. was formally dissolved on 20 June. The assets were transferred back into the Stourbridge Iron Works with the foundry business continuing under the management of John Bradley and Co where James Foster was the major partner with Collier and Henry Bradley[5].

Supplied many of the early railways with the first rails, chairs and accessories. Charcoal rods supplied for the first American cable.

1832 Deed of co-partnership [6] dated 3rd May between: James Foster of Stourbridge, Worcestershire, Ironmaster, and Henry Bradley of Wollescott, Oldswinford, Worcestershire, Ironmaster. From 1st January 1827, James Foster and Henry Bradley had been Co-Partners in the Trade of Ironmasters, under the name of John Bradley and Co. They had equal moieties in: Freehold tenements, buildings, lands, steam engines, mills, forges, furnaces, mines, ironworks and premises at Amblecote, Oldswinford; Shutt End, Scotts Green and Brettell Lane, Kingswinford; Dudley, Worcestershire; Eardington and Hampton Loade, Shropshire; all belonging to the several works of the Company. The Works were known as: The Stourbridge Old Works; The Stourbridge New Works; The Stourbridge Foundry; The Shutt End Colliery; The Scotts Green Colliery; The Brierley Ironworks; The Baptist End Colliery; The Eardington Works; and The Hampton Loade Works.

1835 Iron founders and manufacturers of iron hoops and bars, of Stourbridge Iron Works, and coalmasters and ironmasters of Stourbridge Iron Works and Shutt End Furnaces[7].

1837 James Foster became the sole owner of John Bradley and Co. The Stourbridge Iron Works continued to produce rods, bars and wires while the foundry worked on specialist rolling machines.

1839 General depression led to reduction in business

1843 4 puddling furnaces were relit at the Stourbridge Iron Works[8].

1853 Foster's nephew, William Orme Foster (-1899), inherited the £700,000 estate and under his stewardship, John Bradley and Co continued to grow.

1856 With the arrival of cheap steel, Foster failed to invest in new machinery

1873 Cast iron footbridge over entrance to New Foundry Wharf, Stourbridge[9]

1870s When the iron industry entered a slump, the productivity of the company declined.

1881 Netherton furnace, Dudley

1899 After the death of William Orme Foster, his son, William Henry Foster (1846-1924), took on the company.

1913 Preferring other pursuits, William sold the company's collieries to Guy Pitt and Co.

1914 Ironmasters. Speciality: high-class finished iron. [10]

1919 Sale of the business by William Henry Foster to Edward J. Taylor of Wollescote Hall near Stourbridge for £15,000[11].

1919 John Bradley and Co (Stourbridge) Ltd was registered on 11th October 1919; founder members were: Edward John Taylor of Stourbridge, Chain Manufacturer; Richard Lowndes of Beauty Bank House, Stourbridge, Iron Manufacturer; and William Frank Taylor of Lynwood, Kidderminster, Chain Manufacturer[12].

1920 Acquired by N. Hingley and Sons together with E. Baylie and Co Ltd[13].

1926 - Jan. Acquired the old-established business of Roberts and Cooper. It is understood that the iron and steel trade hitherto carried on at Roberts and Cooper works at Brettell-lane, Bromley, and elsewhere, was concentrated at Brettell-lane works, which were now in active operation after the holidays. A scheme of reorganisation was contemplated at Brettell-lane. John Bradley and Co. were among the oldest makers of the famous Staffordshire iron. They were one of the few firms which, in spite of the ups and downs in the trade, maintained continuous operations ever since their establishment. [14]

1926 - December. The works of John Bradley and Co which had been standing idle since the end of April, in consequence of fuel shortage, resumed operations in the second week of December this year. Some subsidiary works of the company ran intermittently during the coal stoppage.[15]


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. Co-partnership agreement [1]
  2. Correspondence of the Stourbridge Iron Works in 1830 edited by Paul Kelly[2]
  3. Deed of Co-Partnership re: John Bradley & Co [3]
  4. Pigot & Co.'s Directory of Ches, Cumb ..., 1828-29. [Part 2: Notts - Yorks & N Wales]
  5. Agreement for Purchase of Moiety in Stourbridge Iron Works [4]
  6. [5]
  7. Pigot and Co.'s national commercial directory
  8. Industrialisation and society: a social history, 1830-1951 By Eric Hopkins
  9. [6] Geograph: Cast iron footbridge over entrance to New Foundry Wharf, Stourbridge
  10. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  11. Agreement re: Sale of the Business of John Bradley & Co[7]
  12. Registration [8]
  13. National Archives [9]
  14. The Engineer 1926/01/15
  15. The Engineer 1926/12/10
  • Administrative/Biographical history of John Bradley and Co, Senate House Library, University of London [10]
  • Stourbridge & Its Historic Locomotives, by Paul Collins (Dudley Leisure Services. 1989))