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John Bethell and Co, of West Bromwich, Tar Distiller and Creosoter of Timber
1838 John Bethell patented a method of preserving timber using "heavy oil" fractions. The demand for timbers preserved in this manner rose greatly with the expansion of the railway network. Bethel & Co also manufactured a range of other products at their Clayton works, including cake alum, Epsom salts and naphtha.
1865 Bethell had a creosote works at West Bromwich
At some point acquired the Clayton Chemical Works
Partnership of Charles Ithell Bethell and Frederick Pemberton Koe
1886 the firm was declared bankrupt in March 1886.
By 1887 the company was in liquidation.