Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 136,062 pages of information and 218,544 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

James Sumner

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search
James Sumner (1860-1924)
c1888. The tricycle converted by James Sumner to go on steam.
1890. The Sumner works in the Leyland village smithy.
1894. Steam driven lawn mower built for Elvaston Castle in Derbyshire. Exhibit at the Museum of English Rural Life (MERL).
1895. The three-wheel steam car built for Theodore Carr.

James Sumner (1860-1924) of Leyland.

Descendant of Elias Sumner, a blacksmith at Leyland.

1860 Born at Leyland

1881 Living in Leyland aged 21, a blacksmith's hitter and with his parents Richard Sumner aged 51 and born in Leyland, a blacksmith employing 3 men and one boy; his wife Alice (age 48) and their children Ann (age 20), Margaret (age 10), Robert (age 8) and William (age 7). [1]

c1886 Built a steam wagon.[2]

c1891 Fined for speeding in his steam driven tricycle.[3]

1891 Living in Leyland age 31, a blacksmith and mechanic with his wife Mary (age 34), daughters Mary (age 5), Mary Alice (age 3) and son John (age 2). [4]

1892 James inherited the family business as a going engineering concern that could produce iron castings up to half a ton and brass castings up to half a hundredweight.

1894 Produced a steam wagon for carrying coal at the John Stanning and Son, bleach-works in Leyland. This made a journey from from Leyland to Ormskirk, some fifteen miles away. The flag boy was his brother William Sumner.

Fitted small twin-cylinder with oil-fired boiler in to a tricycle

Produced a steam driven lawnmower

1895 Produced a three-wheel 'horseless carriage' for William Theodore Carr of Carr and Co, a biscuit manufacturer, of Carlisle. Produced an improved version for the same person the following year.

1897 October. Details of the steam autocar built for W. Theodore Carr.[5]

The company J. Sumner Ltd was formed and became the Lancashire Steam Motor Co and later Leyland Motors

1901 Living in Leyland aged 41 as a steam engine maker. Living with wife Mary (age 44) and children Mary (age 15), Maya (age 13), John R. (age 12) and Elias (age 7). [6]

1919 He retires from the business as he increasingly becomes blind

1924 James Sumner dies


See Also

Loading...

Sources of Information

  • The First Fifty Years. Leyland Motors Ltd. Published in 1946.