Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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James Smallman

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James Smallman (1763?-1821) was born in Staffordshire, emigrated to the USA, and died there in 1821.[1]

1793-4 James Smallman was sent to the Netherlands by Boulton and Watt to erect a pumping engine to reclaim the Mijdrecht Lake (Mijdrechtse Poel). It seems that he was then lured to the USA with other B&W or ex-B&W men.[2]

After helping to erect the first Boulton and Watt engine in America, he and several other B&W-trained engineers were hired by Nicholas J. Roosevelt (1767-1854) when he established a foundry, machine shop, and smelting works at Belleville, which he named Soho Works, after those of Boulton & Watt in Birmingham, England. The others were Charles Stoudinger, John Hewitt (1777-1857), and the Rhodes family - Frederick, George, and Lewis Rhodes).[3].

In 1802 Smallman was listed as a steam engine maker in Philadelphia. In 1806 he built a 6 HP engine for a flour mill in Cadiz, Spain, apprently the first steam engine to be exported from the USA.[4]

c.1810 Smallman entered into partnership with engine builder Daniel Large, which ended in 1811[5]

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. [1] 'A GENERAL CHRONOLOGY OF THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD COMPANY ITS PREDECESSORS AND SUCCESSORS AND ITS HISTORICAL CONTEXT' by Christopher T. Baer 1790-1799, May 2015 Edition, Pennsylvania Railroad Technical & Historical Society. Note: large pdf
  2. [2] 'THE CORRESPONDENCE OF JAN DANIËL HUICHELBOS VAN LIENDER WITH JAMES WATT' PROEFSCHRIFT, February 2005; Jan Adrianus Verbruggen
  3. [3] New Jersey Historical Society: Archives Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs: Manuscript Group 1508, Stoudinger-Alofsen-Fulton Drawings. Note: Large pdf
  4. [4] 'Modern Capitalist Culture' by Leslie A White
  5. [5] 'A GENERAL CHRONOLOGY OF THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD COMPANY ITS PREDECESSORS AND SUCCESSORS AND ITS HISTORICAL CONTEXT' by Christopher T. Baer 1800-1809, May 2015 Edition, Pennsylvania Railroad Technical & Historical Society. Note: large pdf